2R ROMAN BEAKER WITH WHEEL-CUT LINES
The simple shape of this vessel resembles our modern drinking glasses. It is pale blue/green with iridescence. The exterior is decorated with faint wheel cut bands: three parallel lines around the center, one band near the base. This beaker has a ground rim and flattened base. The beaut of this cup is in the natural iridescence which has formed on it. Beaker is intact. What is iridescence?
Iris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow, lends her name to the word iridescence a lustrous, rainbow-like play of color. Iridescence was admired by modern glassmakers but was not an intentional effect made by ancient artisans. The effect was found on pieces of ancient glass where burial conditions caused alkali (soluble salt) to leach from the glass and form layers that eventually separate and flake off. The remaining surface layers reflect light differently, resulting in an iridescent appearance. see Corning Museum of Glass
Date: First Century A.D.
H: 9.3 cm. Rim D: 6.5 cm.
Cf. Auth 1976 #368 (The Newark Museum)
Frankish or Merovingian cone-shaped beaker of pale green glass. The body is decorated with pattern-molded diagonal ribs, and there is a fine trail of the same color glass applied in a horizontal spiral to the upper part of the body below the flaring rim. Flat base; minor repair.
H: 6 3/8 in
Late 5th to first half of 6th C.
Paris Sale # 515-16, Stern # 192
History: The Franks ( 400-580 AD) were a confederation of Germanic tribes from east of the Rhine, who settled in northeast Gaul (now France and Belgium) by the Roman authorities in order to protect Gaul from ‘barbarian’ invasion. The Franks fought with the Romans against the Huns in 451. But after the collapse of the Roman Empire, they began to extend their own rule. King Clovis (481-511) established the powerful Merovingian dynasty, which governed both the Franks and the native Gallo-Romans. He and his sons controlled much of present-day France and west Germany.
This perfume holder characterizes a common type of glass made in Egypt during the Second and Third centuries A.D. The dark green color, wide neck, thick walls and base occur on all of the pieces from this group. These sturdy containers were probably used for shipping perfume. It is intact with brilliant iridescence.
D: 2-3rd Century
H: 7 ¾ cm, Rim: 6 cm, Base: 6 ½ cm
Ref: Kevorkian #317-323, Auth 1976 #139, Barakat #G168, 169, P. 120
GREEN ENGLISH WINES
In the many aspects of English glass making, the Eighteen Century stands out as representing an enormous variety of drinking vessels most of which were made of colorless glass. Appearing, for a short time mid-point in this century (1750-1760) wines manufactured in green glass became a fashionable choice. The following photos from the Allaire Collection show a variety of examples of green English wines made during this short period.
English Facon De Venise Glass Tazza
A small tazza made of clear soda glass with a shallow tray gently curving up at the edge. The spreading conical base has a folded foot. This is a product of one of the Duke of Buckingham’s glass factories in England which were active around the 1670’s. The tazza illustrates the influence of Venetian style of glassmaking and use of soda glass prior to the introduction of leaded glass later in the British market of the 18th Century.
SPRINKLER FLASK (our first)
This pale olive green bottle has a funnel-shaped mouth and two handles of a darker green color. The faint diagonal pattern on the body was achieved by first blowing the glass into an optic mold. The bubble was then removed, twisted and further inflated. The small hole created by the neck constriction in this vessel permits only a drop or two of liquid to pass through at a time. This also prevents the costly contents from evaporating. The glass is still fairly clear and transparent as it was originally intended when created. Flask is intact. It was found in Israel.
D: 3rd to 4th Century AD
H: 7.5 cm Rim: 5.2 cm
VENETIAN SALVIATI GOBLET
Salviati is a family and a group of companies. They were glass makers and mosaicists who worked and sold their products in the cities of Murano, Venice and London.The firms were Salviati, Jesuram & Co., Venice and Murano Glass and Mosaic Co., Pauly&Co and today Arc International. The founder was Antonio Salviati.One of the most important family members was Giulio Salviati (1843-1898).
A good book on this very collectable glass is: Venetian Glass of the 1890’s: Salviati at Stanford University by Carol M. Osborne
The provenance of the Salviati goblet pictured is the Carder Collection.Fredrick Carder managed the Steuben Glass Works in Corning NY and developed many of their early designs and glass formulas.
H: 9 ¾ inches
Early English Gin Glasses (Pair)
This pair of small English glasses was probably used for drinking gin based on their size. They have a drawn trumpet bowl, solid stem and folded foot and are almost identical except for a variation in height.
H: 4 & 4 ½ inches
D: 18th Century
Ref: Bickerton #344, #385
Large English Air Twist Wine Glass
A fine tall English air twist goblet of drawn trumpet form on a multiple spiral air twisted stem and folded conical foot.
H: 9 inches (22.8 cm)
Ref: Bickerton # 392
Pilgrim Flask Facon de Venise
A pilgrim flask was originally a flattened gourd-shaped bottle made mostly of pottery intended for use by pilgrims to carry water. Those made since the 15th C of glass may have been more for ornamental purposes. Most of the flasks with this shape are enameled and some decorated with gold-leaf.
H: 18.4 cm
D: 16th Century or Later
Ref: European Glass, Getty #20, Robert Lehman Collection, Met #4, Golden Age of Venetian Glass #37
The three pilgrim flasks below are examples of enameled and gold-leaf decoration often found on this type of glass.