TALL CANDLESTICK BALSAMARIUM
A utilitarian bottle from the second century takes on an extraordinary appearance. Weathering has left a beautiful iridescence over virtually the entire piece of glass. This vessel, used for perfume, was designed with a long neck inhibiting evaporation of the precious liquid within.
H: 18.5 cm
2-3rd C AD
Cf. Yale #157. Boston #47, Israel Museum #254
PALE GREEN ROMAN GLASS PITCHER
This beautiful pale green pitcher has a domed body with a flat base slightly hollowed. The graceful neck, funnel-mouth and arched handle combine to make a lovely example of glassware from the period. In addition to the pale color it has patches of unusual “opalescent” type of iridescence. There is a row of faint mold-blown indents on the body which indicates this piece was removed from the mold and further inflated. The green thread handle was first attached at the shoulder then pulled up and attached at the mouth. The piece is intact and was found in Israel.
Third to Fourth Century A.D.
H: 9.5 cm, Rim D: 4.5 cm
Cf. Hayes 1975, #416, #438, APC #Z-15
SMALL BLUE ROMAN GLASS BOTTLE
This precisely shaped globular bottle was probably used for perfume or bath oil. Its delicate proportion and intense cobalt blue color make it a fine example of glass vessels of the period. Unguentaria, or perfume bottles are probably the earliest blown glass vessels. In their simplest form they are merely a bubble on the end of the blow pipe, with little modification beyond a short neck and a flattened base. Many of the early bottles are intentionally colored and these rich colors were a dominate feature in glassmaking until the end of the first century A.D. when colorless glass became more fashionable. This piece is intact and was found in Syria
First Century A.D.
H: 5.2 cm, GD: 3.8 cm
ROMAN CYLINDRICAL BOTTLE
This graceful bottle is completely covered with a shimmering iridescence. Cylindrical bottles of this period are characterized by two types of mouth: one folded in and flattened and the other more common funnel mouth with folded rim as in this example. Both types of bottles are consistently a pale green. Piece is intact. Found in Turkey.
Third Century A.D.
H: 9.8 cm, Rim: 6.5 cm D
Cf. Auth 1976, #443, APC # I-3
24R DOUBLE BALSAMARIUM
This elegantly free-blown slender shape is emphasized by the most delicate threaded design which wraps around the entire form. The originally light blue-green glass has developed a brilliant opalescent patina over its surface. Balsamaria from this period were manufactured in single, double and the more elaborate quadruple designs and it is assumed that they were all used for cosmetics.
H: 12 cm
4th. to 5th. Century AD
Kof 21, PA 433, N 486
56 R Footed Jug with Thumb Rest
This distinctive jug has a spherical body which rests on a thick base. A tall tubular neck extends upwards from the body and terminates into a splayed lip. Below the lip is a thick glass trail. A wide handle is pulled up from the shoulder where it is tooled into an elaborate triangular finial.
H: 15 cm
Late Roman 4th to 5th C. AD
Shining Vessels #127
LACMA # 127
Hermitage # 188 and 196
Corning Vol. 2 # 714
Roman Two-Handled Bottle with Trailing
Pale yellow-green glass was used to create this two-handled bottle. The un-marvered threads wound around the body demonstrate a common decoration used by First Century glass makers. The slightly out-turned mouth and pad foot combine to enhance the pleasing proportions of this bottle. The shape and decoration of this example are typical of pieces made during this period.
H: 13 cm
Ref: Oppenlander #644, Paris Sale #157
16R AUBERGINE JAR
This globular short-neck jar with a funnel-mouth is a common 4th-5th Century shape. Many of the jars manufactured during this period have a variety of decorations such as pinched ribs, indentations and zig-zag trailing. Those having two or more handles were primarily found in the Eastern Mediterranean area. This jar with pale green handles on an aubergine body is a color combination seen frequently. Jar is intact.
H: 9.5 cm D: 8 cm
4th.-5th Century AD
Barakat #GF 86, p 103
Auth 1976 #469
ROMAN BEAKER WITH WHEEL-CUT LINES
The simple shape of this vessel resembles our modern drinking glasses. It is pale blue/green with iridescence. The exterior is decorated with faint wheel cut bands: three parallel lines around the center, one band near the base. This beaker has a ground rim and flattened base. The beauty of this cup is in the natural iridescence which has formed on it. Beaker is intact. What is iridescence?
Iris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow, lends her name to the word iridescence a lustrous, rainbow-like play of color. Iridescence was admired by modern glassmakers but was not an intentional effect made by ancient artisans. The effect was found on pieces of ancient glass where burial conditions caused alkali (soluble salt) to leach from the glass and form layers that eventually separate and flake off. The remaining surface layers reflect light differently, resulting in an iridescent appearance. see Corning Museum of Glass
Date: First Century A.D.
H: 9.3 cm. Rim D: 6.5 cm.
Cf. Auth 1976 #368 (The Newark Museum)
This perfume holder characterizes a common type of glass made in Egypt during the Second and Third centuries A.D. The dark green color, wide neck, thick walls and base occur on all of the pieces from this group. These sturdy containers were probably used for shipping perfume. It is intact with brilliant iridescence.
D: 2-3rd Century
H: 7 ¾ cm, Rim: 6 cm, Base: 6 ½ cm
Ref: Kevorkian #317-323, Auth 1976 #139, Barakat #G168, 169, P. 120