ROYAL BLUE RIBBED UNGUENTARIUM of A Private Dutch Collection of Roman Glass
1st- – 2nd , Century A.D., (Isings form 26b) Eastern Mediterranean
H = 6.0 cm, D = 4.0 cm
Condition: Intact and in excellent condition
Description: This free blown blue bottle with straight and slender neck has on the globular body seven pinched-out vertical fine ribs.
Provenance: The Gershon Bineth collection
Ref: Paul E.Cuperus collection no 050
Exhihited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), ‘Roman Glass from private collections’,
29 April – 28 August 2011, exp. no. 116, Museum Honig Breethuis (NL) ’Fascinating luxury of Antiquity’,, 12 November 2011– 30 January 2012 , exp no. 8
Published: ‘Romeins Glas uit particulier bezit’ (2011)
STYLIZED GRAPE BOTTLE of Joop van der Groen
Roman Empire, probably Syrian-Palestinian area │ probably 3rd century AD
Size: ↑ 13,6 cm; Ø max. 6,6 cm; Ø rim 3,9 cm; Ø base 3,7 cm │ Weight: 74 gram
Technique: Body and collar above shoulder blown into a three-part mould of two vertical sections joined to a disk-shaped base section. Neck and rim free blown.
Classification: Stern (1995) type MCT VII, Stylized Grape Bottle, Series B
Description: Transparent amber coloured glass. On the body a stylized pattern of grapes consisting of eleven interlocking rows of continuous hemispherical knobs; eight rows with twenty-one knobs, the three top rows with fewer knobs because at the shoulder there are, opposite each other, two triangular leaves with a central vein. Tall cylindrical neck, with constriction at its base. Rim folded outward, then upward and inward. Bottom slightly concave; no pontil.
Condition: Intact with some iridescence and with some encrustation inside
Remarks: It is uncertain how this bottle had been used, possibly as wine-decanter (Stern, 1995).
The owner named in the provenance was an Italian Ambassador. He acquired the biggest part of his collection in the Sixties in the Middle East, when Damascus was his assignment.
Provenance: ± 1965 – 2009 Collection Carlo Perrone, Capano, Italy
Published: Romeins glas uit particulier bezit (J. van der Groen & H. van Rossum, 2011).
Exhibited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), “Romeins Glas, geleend uit particulier bezit”,
29 April – 28 August 2011, exp. no. 206
Reference: Ancient Glass in the Yale University Art Gallery (S. Matheson, 1980), no. 279;
Roman Mold-blown Glass – Toledo Museum of Art – The first through sixth centuries (E. Stern, 1995), no. 127; Verreries antiques du Musée de Picardie (G. Dilly & N. Mahéo, 1997), no. 169
OPAQUE BLUE ROMAN GLASS JUG of David Giles
1st century AD | Probably made in Italy | 16 cm high
Technique: Body free blown with integral foot pushed in and tooled to form base.
Description: Handle joined from shoulder to rim and doubled over at the base to form a fine tapering trail back up the middle of the handle. The glass has a swirling grain pattern to it created by a lighter mixture within the blue.
Remarks: Although a rare form in glass it is a common shape found in metal jugs at Pompeii.
Reference: Only one close parallel known, an almost identical example in the Getty Museum. Figure 85 Wight-Molten Color: Glassmaking in Antiquity, Karol B. Wight, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, 2011
Provenance: Ex Hans Lutz Romanowski (1928-2010) collection, Berlin. Obtained by him from Arete gallery Zurich 1984.
CONICAL CANDLESTICK UNGUENTARIUM of Joop van der Groen
Roman Empire, almost certainly Asia Minor │ 3rd – 4th century
Size: ↑ 29,0 cm; Ø max. 6,2 cm; Ø rim 4,3 cm. │ Weight: 227 gram
Technique: Free blown. Tooled.
Classification: Variant of Isings (1957) form 82.
Descripton: Transparent olive green glass. The tall, slender form tapering almost evenly from bottom till rim. Rim folded out and in and flattened. Domed base highly pushed in. Pontil mark. At two-thirds from rim a deep constriction between neck and body.
Condition: Intact with some iridescence.
Remarks: The found candlestick unguentaria of Isings form 82 are countless but this variant out of Asia Minor has been found comparatively a few.
This form is always very tall, between 22,9 cm and 30,0 cm. All references have a deep constriction at two-thirds from the rim and a domed base, highly pushed in.
The very fat glass of this candlestick unguentarium makes a high weight: the references of the British Museum weight less than half.
Provenance: 1965 – 2012 Private Collection, Cologne.
Reference: British Museum London. nos. 1878,0311.33, 1878,0311.34, 1908,0724.6 and 1933,1117.1 (all found in Asia Minor); Musées d’Art et d’Histoire Ville de Genève, no. 010660 (also found in Asia Minor); Antike Gläser im Frankfurter Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte (E. Welker, 1987). no. 31; Antike Glãser (L. Barkóczi, 1996), no. 98; Archéologie (Pierre Bergé et Associés Paris), Auction 15-12-2009, no. 368; Fascinating Fragility – A Private Collection of Ancient Glass (Bijnsdorp, 2010), no. NFB 126; Kunstwerke der Antike (Cahn Auktionen AG Basel), Auktion 7, 03-11-2012, no. 127.
MYTHOLOGICAL ROMAN BEAKER of Nico F. Bijnsdorp
Late first century AD. Eastern Mediterranean.
H = 12.0 cm. D rim = 6.6 cm. D base = 4.4 cm. Weight 98 gr.
Classification: Weinberg 1972: Group 1.
Condition: Intact. Very crisp relief. Minute chips to rim. Some iridescence and incrustation.
Technique: Blown in a five-part mold with four vertical sections and base plate.
Description: Semi transparent light olive-green yellowish colored glass. Slightly everted cut-off rim with ground lip. Straight walls tapering slightly towards the flat base with a raised ring-and-dot motif. The walls decorated in relief in a frieze between 1.5 cm below rim and 1.5 cm above base, comprising four panels, separated by plain columns with stepped bases and tall capitals that widen towards their tops. Above panels gabled tops in the form of triangles in raised outline. Each panel contains one figure standing on surrounding string course and facing right: (A): woman wearing a himation (cloak) over a long chiton, holding the hind legs of a dead boar in her down-stretched right hand and carrying a staff on her left shoulder from which two birds in the front and a hare in the rear are hanging. (B): nude male carrying dead calf upside down on his left shoulder. (C): male wearing a chitoniskos and chlamys with a vessel in his right hand and staff or sickle in left hand. (D): male with closely cropped hair, holding caduceus in his right hand and purse or tortoise shell in his left hand.
Remarks: G.D. Weinberg (1972) and K.B. Wight (1994) divided mythological beakers into four groups, this beaker belonging to group 1, that consists of some ten examples, most of them in museum collections (e.g. British Museum, Corning Museum, National Museum Athens, Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf). It is suggested, that the iconography on the beaker represents (A) as personification of Winter, (B) as Hercules, (C) as Hymen or personification of Summer and (D) as Mercury and that it refers to the wedding procession of Peleus and Thetis. These beakers have possibly been gifts at ceremonial occasions or served as ritual vessels.
Provenance: Ex Armand Trampitsch Collection, Paris 1960’s.
Published: Christie’s 7 October 2010, No. 54., Romeins Glas uit particulier bezit, J. v.d. Groen & H. van Rossum, p. 36-37.
Reference: Whitehouse 2001, Corning Museum, No. 527., Harden 1968, British Museum, No. 64.
Saldern 1980, Hans Cohn Collection, No. 46., Israeli 2011, The Shlomo Moussaieff Collection, p. 79.
Sotheby’s 4/5 June 1979, The Constable-Maxwell Collection, No. 143.
EARLY ROMAN JUG of Hans van Rossum
Second part of 1st century AD | Roman Empire, probably north Italy
Seize↑11.8 cm | ø body 8.4 cm | ø mouth 6.5 cm | Weight 85 g
Technique: Free blown, bifurcated handle applied; tooled
Classification: Isings form 56a | For the handle: Fleming 1999 type MS 5254
Description: Light green glass, bulbous body; squat cylindrical neck. Wide mouth, rim
unworked, folded as trefoil lip. Bifurcated handle, applied on shoulder, drawn up
and attached below the rim in a fold and at right angles. The fold resembles a thumb-
rest. Slightly indented base with no rest of pontil.
Condition: Intact, incredible rainbow colored iridescence
Remarks: This jug is the earliest form of a imitation of well known bronze oenochoë, it has a
simple concave base; the bifurcated handle is a characteristic for a production in the
end of the first to first part of the second century. The unworked rim is a
characteristic for a production in Italy. The earliest specimen comes from a pre-
Flavian grave at Este. The same form is known from Pompeii. (Isings 1957)
Provenance: Private Collection USA, 2014
Reference: Vetri antichi del Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Este, A. Toniolo no. 269
Vetri antichi del Museo archeologico al Teatro Romano di Verona e di altre collezioni
veronesi, G. M. Facchini no. 377 & 378
Vetri antichi delle Province di Belluno, Treviso e Vicenza, C. Casagrande-F.Ceselin no. 149
Les Verres antiques du Musée du Louvre, II, V. Arveiller & M-D. Nenna no. 553
AMPHORA IN PROTECTIVE BASKET of Nico F. Bijnsdorp
4th – 5th century AD. Egypt, possibly Coptic.
H = 16.0 cm. D max = 6.4cm. D rim = 5. cm. D base = 3.3 cm.
Condition: Amphora in perfect condition. Basket slightly damaged in two places.
Technique: Amphora free blown. Handles, thread, spout and foot applied. Basket in wickerwork, enforced by leather.
Description: Transparent olive-green glass. Basket pale and dark brown. The conical body of the amphora tapering to the bottom. Applied coil-foot with pontil mark. Sharp edge to shoulder, that is gently sloping to tubular neck with funnel mouth with infolded lip. One continuous trail, starting with one horizontal ring around the lower neck, then drawn up diagonally along the neck and ending in a second horizontal ring around the upper neck. Two opposed handles dropped onto the shoulder, arching to the neck and attached to the lower ring, where one handle ends but the other handle is further drawn up to end at the upper ring. A pointed, hollow spout is tooled on the shoulder.
Remarks: No unambiguous clarification could yet be given for the function of the spout and thus for the amphora itself. It has been suggested, that the amphora can be Coptic, since a similar object is exhibited in the Coptic Antiquities Room in The Louvre Museum in France. The clumsy way of placing and forming of the handles and the foot suggest, that this vessel was blown by a not very experienced glassblower.
Published: Slitine 2005, Histoire du Verre, L’Antiquité, p. 139.
Reference: No parallels could be found so far.
ROMAN NARROW-NECKED JUG of Hans van Rossum
First half of 1st century AD | From a workshop in north Italy
Size↑13.6 cm | ø 9.3 cm | Weight 56 g
Technique: Free blown, handle applied; tooled
Classification: Isings 1957 form 14 (variant)
Description: Transparent pale green glass with handle of similar colored glass. Smooth transition to squat piriform body; rim widened and unworked; tall tubular neck; flattened base, slightly concave, no pontil mark. Angular ribbed handle with four narrow-set ribs, applied to lower neck, and attached to upper half of body; excess glass pulled down as a triangular tail, pressed against wall, and snapped off.
Condition: Intact, slightly incrustation. At the base a bubble (fault) that popped at the moment the glass blower blew this jug and flattened the base. Perfect condition.
Remarks: Narrow-necked jugs are among the earliest vessels luxury glass tableware. The shapes echo contemporaneous pottery jugs. The body is usually piriform, squat bulbous, or spherical, the neck tubular, the rim everted or folded. The elegant handles are made with great care and precision and show a great deal of variety. This jug represents a small group that was often made in marbled and threaded glass and may have emanated from one workshop. The vessels are characterized by an angular tail decorates the lower end. The body can be piriform, squat bulbous, or spherical; the base is flattened. The find spots are concentrated in north Italy. Most jugs are large enough to have served as wine or water jugs at table. One magnificent jug of amber and white marbled glass came to light in the vicinity of Milan, at Dello, in the tomb of an athlete. The Augustan date assigned to the rich burial, based on coins of Augustus (27 BCE-14 CE), is probably too early, but the context is consistent with a date before the mid first century. A few ”imitations,” without the triangular tail at the lower end of the handle, were found in Cyprus.’ (Stern 2001). Another remarkable fact is the way in which the glass blower applied the handle. In later periods he will first apply the handle on the shoulder, then drawn up to attach it to rim or neck. This early jug shows the opposite way. First applying to the neck, then drawn down to attach to the body.
Provenance: Kölner Münzkabinett, 22 May 2013 lot 636 Private collection Cologne, formed in the 1930s, thence by descent
Reference: Roman, Byzantine and Early Medieval Glass, Ernesto Wolf Collection, E. M. Stern no. 29
(H – 18.4 cm D – 12.05 cm W – 55 gr.) Eretz Museum, Tel Aviv, Israel inv. no. 57658 Vetri Antichi del Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Aquileia, L. Mandruzzato and A. Marcante no. 149 (H 14.5 cm) and no. 150. (H 15.0 cm) Inv.nos. AQ12932 -AQ2005/4 I Vetri Romani, M. C. Calvi no. 3. Solid Liquid, Fortuna Fine Arts Ltd. no. 107 Allard Pierson (Archaeological) Museum, Amsterdam, inv. no. APM904
SPANISH FAÇON de VENISE GLASS SERVING FLASK of Elisabeth & Theo Zandbergen
Origin: Spain – Cataluña, end of the 17th century.
Dimensions: Size↑24,2 cm.; ø 11,8 cm.; ø outlet 3 cm.; weight 240 gram; capacity 1285 ml.
Description: This is a beautiful free blown serving flask. It is an example of Façon de Venise glass which has been made in Spain possibly by glassmakers who emigrated from Altare or escaped from Venise. The decoration has still the characteristics of Venetian glass with the spiraling decorations in white opaque glass (tin oxide). It is also probable that this object was made in Cadalso in the time Dieudonné Lambotte who emigrated from Flanders to Cadalso was working there. Would it be possible that this object was made by Lambotte himself? Who knows. Looking at the architecture of the object the assumption could be correct. One of the ingredients to make such beautiful clear glass came from Spain, the so called barilla. A soda made from salicornia giving a sodium basis iso. of the more commonly used potassium based soda. It is well known that the Venetians preferred barilla to make their famous light and clear glass. They even tried in those days to grow the salicornia in the brackish swamps close to Venice as the supply was not always dependable. The decoration with the tin-oxide white opaque glass bands was very much en vogue in those days and is called vetro a fili. The Spanish and Italian glassmakers were real masters in those techniques. See the catalogue “A Collection of Filigrana glass, by Kitty Laméris 2014.
Material: soda glass
Parallels: Zerwick, “A short history of Glass” pag. 55, pict. 44
Provenance: With Peter Korf de Gidts, Amsterdam In owners collection since 2004
ROMAN STORAGE JUG with BROAD CELERY HANDLE of Elisabeth & Theo Zandbergen
Origin: Eastern Mediterranean (Syria?) 2nd – 3rd century AD.
Dimensions: Size↑25,5 cm.; ø 10,7 cm.; ø spout 8,6 cm.; width of handle 5,5 cm.; cylindrical part 16,6 cm.; weight 698 gr.
Description: A large green cylindrical free blown Roman storage jug or jar with a short and quite broad so called celery handle. The handle has been first attached to the flat shoulder of the cylindrical corpus and from there pulled to the outsplayed outlet where it is attached to the underside of the outlet and to the neck. The quite pronounced ribs in the handle are quite evenly formed. The neck is somewhat double concave. The spout has been splayed outward and has been strengthened on the underside with an extra thread of glass. The bottom is slightly concave. No noticeable pontil mark.
– Isings, Roman glass from dated finds, pag. 156, Isings model 126
– Roman glass in the Corning Museum of glass, pag. 187 pict. 329
– Roman and Pre-Roman glass in the Ontario Museum, pag. 102 nr.363, pag.210
– Auth, Ancient glass in the Newark Museum nr. 132
– Hans van Rossum, Romeinse glasvormen en hun nachleben, pag. 58, pict. 64
– La Baume, Salomonson, Römische Kleinkunst, Sammlung Karl Löffler, nr. 99
– Kataloge des Kunstmuseums Düsseldorf – Glassammlung Hentrich, Antike und Islam Düsseldorf 1974, nr. 259
– Matheson, Ancient glass in the Yale University Art Gallery, 1980, nr. 96
– Mr. Plassmann, Beirut 1963 and 1965.
– Mrs. Sunder-Plassmann till 2007,
– With Galerie Puhze,
Exhibited: Roman Glass from private collections, Thermenmuseum Heerlen 201