LATE ROMAN GLASS KOHL (COSMETIC) TUBE of Hans van Rossum
5th century AD | Eastern Mediterranean, Syro-Palestinian area
Size↑18.0 cm | ø 5.9 cm (base) | Weight 118 g
Technique: Free blown, handles, foot and thread applied; tooled
Description: Transparent yellowish green glass, conical body, widening at the base. Wide mouth, hollow rim folding inward, base tooled to form a hollow tubular base disk. Looped coil decoration, adding to sides of tube, approximately four times, one of the looped handles with a white thread in vertical direction. A basket handle applied on the top looped coil, started with a drop of glass, drawn up making an arch and ending in a fold on the other side of the tube. A white thread wound around the body in approximately fifteen revolutions. Rest of pontil mark.
Condition: Intact, perfect condition
Remarks: The kohl tube is not only the most common Syro-Palestinian glass vessel but also an excellent example of the changing fashion trends during the Early Byzantine period. Over time, the kohl tube gradually became taller and heavier. The glass blower added more trails and coils.
Provenance: Amsterdam art market, Kunsthandel Zilverberg 2004
Collection Jaap Polak Amsterdam, Collection Jacques Schulman Amsterdam
Published: Vormen uit Vuur no. 220 (2013), p. 19
Romeins Glas uit particulier bezit, J. van der Groen & H. van Rossum 2011, p. 75
De Oude Flesch, no. 124, 2011, p. 15
Exhibited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), Romeins Glas, geleend uit particulier bezit, no. 135 29 April – 28 August 2011
Reference: Ancient Glass in the Hermitage Collection, N. Kunina no. 414 for an identical example, Verres Antiques et de l’Islam, Ancienne Collection de Monsieur D(emeulenaere) no. 438, Shining Vessels, Fortuna Fine Arts Ltd. no. 174 for an identical example
THE ERETZ ISRAEL MUSEUM-GLASS PAVILION of Hans van Rossum
The Eretz Israel Glass Pavilion is part of the Eretz Museum in Tel Aviv. The Pavilion takes the visitors on a unique journey through time, traveling back thousands of years to the earliest days of glassmaking. The exhibition is divided into three sections, representing three eras in the history of glass production: pre-blown glass (Late Bronze Age to Hellenistic period—15th-1st centuries BCE), blown glass of the Roman and Byzantine periods (1st–7th centuries CE); and blown glass of the Islamic period (7th–15th centuries CE). Two rare vessels on display are a delicate drinking horn with two openings, known by its Greek name “rhyton”, and “Ennion’s Blue Jug” bearing the signature of its maker, who lived in the first half of the 1st century CE. Most of the glass was donated from a private collection of Dr. Walter Moses, who founded the Eretz Israel Museum in 1958, this rare and beautiful assemblage of glass has been enhanced over the years by exciting new acquisitions and significant donations. Among the unique features are fragile relics of glass dating from biblical times, as well as some of the earliest blown glass discovered from the Roman period. One of the most impressive collections of Ancient (Roman) Glass of the world, exhibited in a fascinating architectural building. Link to Eretz Museum in Tel Aviv & link to Glass Pavilion