SNAIL RHYTON of Nico F. Bijnsdorp
Late 1st – early 2nd century AD.
H= 14.5 cm. D max= 5.3 cm. D rim= 5.3 cm. Weight 133 gr.
Classification: Isings 1957: Form 73a.
Condition: Intact. Minute stress crack (1 cm) and tiny chips at rim. Some weathering.
Technique: Mold blown body, tooled. Applied horns.
Description: Transparent yellowish-green glass. Drinking horn (rhyton) partly blown in mold with six vertical elongated indentations. Free blown short concave mouth with splayed cracked off, unworked rim. Wall descending into 90 degrees angle, tapering towards terminal in the form of a snail head. Elongated, pointed snout, open at the tip to allow liquid to be poured into the drinker’s mouth. Two prominent horns with tooling marks applied.
Remarks: The height was measured vertically when rhyton stands on its rim. Longitudinal length over the convex side 27.5 cm. Glass snail rhyta are imitations of metal and earthenware types and are rare. The glass snail rhyta without foot are rarer than the footed examples. It is known from Roman frescoes that a banqueter drinks a liquid (wine?) from such a rhyton. Rhyta were also used to pour libations.
Published: Pierre Bergé 26 May 2011, No. 354.
Bonomi 1996, National Archaeological Museum of Adria, No. 449.
Lazarus 1974, Cinzano Collection.
Calvi 1968, Aquileia Museum, Tavola 19.1.
Whitehouse 1997, Corning Museum, No. 186.
Pierre Bergé 5 December 2010, No. 267.
FOOTED FLASK WITH PINCERED TRAILS of Nico F. Bijnsdorp
4th – 5th century AD. Syro Palestinian.
H = 19.8 cm. Dmax = 5.2 cm. Drim = 4.4 cm. Dbase = 5.4 cm. W = 176 gr.
Classification: Barag 1970: Type 10.3.
Condition: Intact. Minute loss of trail around neck. Weathering and iridescence on both exterior and interior.
Technique: Free blown and tooled. Applied handles and trails.
Description: Transparent yellowish-green glass. Translucent aquamarine handles and trails.
Funnel mouth with rounded rim. Cylindrical neck slightly constricted at junction with piriform body. Pushed-in tubular base ring with pontil mark. Transparent green trail wound seven times around the neck upwards from the bottom until under the rim. Two pincered trails attached to opposite sides of the body, pulled up from the lower to the upper body, pulled out and attached to lower neck, pulled out again and attached halfway up the neck to form two double-tiered loop handles (B-form).
Remarks: Flasks with pincered trailing along the body were very popular in the Syro-Palestinian area in the late Roman and early Byzantine times. They appear in two forms: with and without foot. The foot mostly in the form of a pushed-in base ring. A second distinction relates to the form of the loop handles: (a) two single loop handles; (b) two double-tiered loop handles; (c) two triple-tiered loop handles, form (a) being the most common, form (b) more exceptional and form (c) rare.
Published: Millon Maison de Ventes aux Enchères, 22 June 2012, No 836.
Stern 2001, Ernesto Wolf Collection, No.170.
Israeli 2003, Israel Museum, No. 347,
Kunina 1997, Hermitage Museum, Nos. 404-405.
Auth 1976, Newark Museum, No.165.
Kunz 1981, Kunstmuseum Luzern, No. 375.
Arveiller-Dulong, Louvre Museum, No. 1064.
Dilly 1997, Musée de Picardie, p. 19.
ROD-FORMED HEAD PENDANT of Nico F. Bijnsdorp
4th – 3rd century BC. Phoenician or Carthaginian.
H = 3.9 cm. Width = 2.1 cm. Depth = 2.1 cm. W = 15 gr.
Classification: Seefried JGS 1979: Type C.3.
Condition: Intact. Some weathering.
Technique: Rod formed. Tooled and applied elements.
Description: Opaque dark (cobalt) blue ground with yellow and white elements. Pendant of a bearded male face. Face, nose, ears and lips in opaque yellow. Six dark blue spiralling curls above the forehead. Fourteen similar dark blue ringlets forming the beard. Heavy dark blue eyebrows above opaque eyes with white sclera, outlined in dark blue and with dark blue irises. A small opaque white protrusion at the center of the forehead. Dark blue vertical suspension ring on top of the head.
Remarks: Pendants like this one were formed by winding hot glass over a metal rod that was coated with a core of sand and/or clay. Individual elements like the curls for the hair and beard, the eyes, nose ears and mouth were prefabricated spiral ringlets and beads that were pressed into the hot glass of the head. Once the pendant was completed, it was removed from the rod, annealed and the core was scraped out. The earliest types of head pendants were produced in Phoenicia. This head pendant with its expressive features represents one of the most elaborate and beautiful examples of its kind. Its fine workmanship and sophisticated details, combined with the large number of excavated examples in the Phoenician colony of the Punic city of Carthage indicates a Carthaginian workshop rather than a Phoenician one.
Provenance: Spink Galeries des Monnaies, Geneva, 15 February 1977, No. 181a.
Published: Christies 26 April 2012, No. 386.
References: Bianchi 2002, Borowski Collection, Nos. P-33 and P-34., Grose 1989, Toledo Museum, No. 44., Tait 1991, British Museum, No. 47., Kunz 1981, Kunstmuseum Luzern, No. 131.
HEXAGONAL AMPULLA OLEARIA OR ARYBALLOS of Hans van Rossum
1st century- early 2nd century AD | Found in Cologne
Size↑11.8 cm | ø 4.7 cm | Weight 132 g
Technique: Mold-blown, neck and mouth free blown; handles applied, tooled
Classification: Sorokina 1987 type A D8 | Morin-Jean 1913 form 33D, fig. 57, handles type ζ
Description: A transparent bluish-green hexagonal bottle. Tapering body, mouth-form with small opening and triangular hollow rim. Flattened base, no pontil mark. Two opposed handles applied on the shoulder, drawn up to top-part of neck and pulled down forming a hole. Two bronze rings, made by bending length of wire into circle held in place by twisting the overlapping ends, the rings pass through the two glass handles. Bronze looped carrying handle in form of an omega (Ώ) attached to the two bronze rings by folding the end.
Condition: Intact with rest of original substance, perfect condition
Remarks: A hexagonal ampulla olearia or aryballos with a hexagonal body and including the original bronze attributes is exceedingly rare. At the base in white paint: R22
Provenance: Collection C.A. Hessing, Laren (NL) 1998, formed in the 1990s, collection number 75
Private collection Axel Weber Cologne, prior to 1995, Collection Wünnenberg, Germany
Reference: De Romeinse Glasverzameling, M. Vanderhoeven no. 73, Römisches geformtes Glas in Köln, Band VI, F. Fremersdorf, Tafel 121. Nos. N 391 & 921, Verrerie d´Epoque Romaine, Collection des Musées Départementaux de Seine Maritime, G. Sennequier no. 214, Verres Romains des Musées Curtius et du Verre a Liège, M. Vanderhoeven nos. 125 & 126, Musée de Boulogne, inv. no. 2561, Aryballos from Bréquerecque, Gallo-Romeins Museum Tongeren, inv. no. 829, La Verrerie de l’Epogue Romaine, au Musée d’Histoire et d’Art-Luxembourg, E. Wilhelm no. 90
RHODIAN CAST MONOCHROME BOWL of Nico F. Bijnsdorp
Late 4th – early 3rd century BC. Rhodian.
H = 3.7 cm. Dmax = 12.2 cm. Drim = 12.2 cm. Dbase = 3.2 cm. Weight = 188 gr.
Triantafyllidis: Rhodian shallow phialai group B1.
Crack over almost entire body but not broken and complete. Slight iridescence, surface well preserved.
Cast and polished. Cut on both interior and exterior.
Almost colorless transparent glass with slight greenish tinge.
Thick walled (5 mm) shallow bowl. Outsplayed rim with rounded edge, flaring gently from almost straight sides. Wide horizontal groove (2 mm) on interior below rim, highlighting distinct carination between upper wall and rim. Slightly concave bottom encircled by a groove (1.5 mm), from where twenty one (21) elongated lanceolate petals with rounded ends radiate upward to the wall, where they are encircled by a pronounced horizontal groove that marks the junction of the lower wall and bottom. In the middle of each petal a median groove is cut.
Shallow cast monochrome bowls with slightly carinated walls at the height of the shoulder and the base of the rim were produced in Rhodian glass workshops from the late 5th century until the third quarter of the 4th century BC (Triantafyllidis). Glasswork from Rhodes in this period was influenced by glassworkers from Persia during the Achaemenid period (ca 550-330 BC) which makes it difficult to define the place of manufacture. The color of the glass, the profile of the bowl and the cutting of the radiating petals are the primary reason for defining the date and place of manufacture of the bowl: Rhodian rather than Persian.
Ex collection Joseph Uzan, Paris.
Enchères Rive Gauche, 19-20 November 2012.
Grose 1989, Toledo Museum, No. 34.
Goldstein 1979, Corning Museum, No. 248.
Triantafyllidis 2000, Nos. 4-7.