SQUAT-CIRCULAR BODIED ROMAN ARYBALLOS
SQUAT-CIRCULAR BODIED ARYBALLOS of Hans van Rossum
Second half of 2nd century – early 3rd century AD | Roman Empire, probably Rhineland area
Size↑6.0 cm | ø 7.1 cm | Weight 98 g
Technique: Free blown, handles applied; base tooled
Description: Manganese glass, squat body with circular shape and flat-sided with horizontal shoulder, slightly indented on one side. Rim colorless to light green glass; folded outward, downward, upward, inward and flattened. Two small handles of green glass in the shape of a dolphin fold over on the top of the shoulder to form graceful lugs attached below rim. Pushed-in base with hollow tubular base-flange and pontil scar.
Condition: Intact, incredible colored iridescence
Remarks: An aryballos with circular shape, straight walls and horizontal shoulder is extremely rare and probably unique. Rims were flattened in the second half of the second and early third centuries. The dolphin handles are characteristics for a production in the Rhineland area. The manganese color was made by adding manganese oxide, which was also added to make uncolored glass. The process was difficult to control with regards to quantities of manganese in combination with atmospherically circumstances. Very often the manganese colored vessels contain streaks or parts (rim) of lighter to almost colorless glass.
Provenance: Artemis Gallery Ancient Art, USA 2012, Private collection Chicago IL, USA