Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection

CARTHAGINIAN HEAD PENDANT

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on May 6, 2015

 CLASSICAL CARTHAGINIAN HEAD PENDANT

 The Augustinus Collection of Ancient Glass

Additional pictures of pendant are at the bottom of the page.

D: Of the fourth to third century B.C.  Size: H: 3.3 cm,  W:2.65 cm, D: 1.2 cm,

Diameter-rod-hole: 0,65 cm, depth rod-hole: 0,3 cm Diameter suspension ring outside: 0.9 cm, Diameter inside: 0.25 cm.

Technique: Rod-formed. The base is made of  blue of glass, on which is added a white proportion to create the face. Blue glass is then used on white to make bulbous eyes. Prefabricated curly hair- and beard locks added. One yellow-white dot for a wart on the forehead and two dots of the same color as the ear. Orange-red lips, the oval split in two.

Description: Green vertical suspension ring; five beard curls, two are bluish green, two are orange; seven hair curls, of which five are blue, one is red and one is orange; a white wart on the forehead; two light colored dots on the right side of the face, depicting the ear or the ear jewel; on the left side the dots are missing.

Condition: Broken and mended; incomplete; a crack is visible from mid right side of the face to left side of the hair before the last curl; two dots from the left ear are missing.

 Remarks: According to T.E.Haevernick in ‘Beitrage zur Glasforschung’ 1977/1981, p306: ‘Our group (of head pendants) categorized as no:1 can be described as classical-Carthaginian. There should be no doubt that they were manufactured in Carthage. They come so close in detail, that they can not have been made somewhere else. Add to it that they are not of the same form, although one would come to think so. They all were made in their own free style. Characteristic is a range of well ordered hair- and beard curls. It is amazing how ingenious they were made. One really comes to recognize the hand of one master from that time so to speak, how curl to curl of every hair-lock came to existence. Add the fact that one had to work very quickly before the glass cooled and could not be worked again. One always finds that staring blue  eyes on a white background to be mesmerizing.’

The head pendant once was the centerpiece of a precious necklace. The color blue in ancient history was  to ward off evil power. The pendant might be regarded as the depiction of Baal Hammon, chief god of the Carthaginians and equivalent in position to the Greek  god Cronus and roman Saturn. The bearer of the pendant was, in fact, entrusted to the protection of Baal Ammon.

Provenance: From a private dutch collection. First Publication.

Reference: Seefried, JGS 1979, type C3, 4th. century B.C.  Haevernick 1977/1981: group 1, with head- and beard curls, 3rd. century B.C. Schlick-Nolte / Stern 1994, p.186, no 33, 4th. to 3rd. century  B.C.

 

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