Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection

GLASS OF LATE MEDIEVAL EUROPE AND ROEMERS

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on May 11, 2017

SUMMARY OF GLASS HISTORY DURING MIDDLE AGES IN WESTERN EUROPE

During the 1,000 years of the Middle Ages also referred to as the Dark Ages, Europe underwent profound changes. David Whitehouse in Medieval Glass for Popes, Princes, and Peasant the book for the 2010 exhibition at The Corning Museum of Glass divides this period of history into three sections.  The Early Middle Ages from the fifth to the eighth century, the Central Middle Ages starting with the eighth to the eleventh and the Late Middle Ages 12th to 14th centuries. Some scholars refer to Early Middle Ages also as the Migration Period.

Glass from the Early and Central Middle Ages is mostly a story of drinking vessels, bowls, cups, beakers, drinking horns, and bottles.  In the later period drinking vessels start to decline in importance with the rise of stained glass used for the windows of cathedrals. The oldest-known fragments of medieval pictorial stained glass appear to date from the 10th century. The earliest intact figures are the five prophet windows at Augsburg Germany, dating from the late 11th century. At Canterbury and Chartres Cathedrals, a number of panels of the 12th century have survived. Most of the magnificent stained glass of France is in the famous windows of Chartres Cathedral, date from the 13th century.  So important and beautiful are stained glass windows in the Middle Ages that generally, that is all you hear about on the subject of Medieval glass.  Most of the glass vessels produced in the later Middle Ages in northern Germany, the Low Countries, and central Europe were made of transparent green Waldglas or foresglass.  The color came from the presence of impurities (iron oxide) in the raw materials.  This type of glass particularly the Berkemeyer and Krautstrunk evolved in the 17th century into the Roemer.

Parts of this article come from the book written by David Whitehouse, Medieval Glass for popes, Princes, and Peasant,2010 and an article in Glashistorisch Tijdschrift nr.138. By Theo Zandbergen

 

GLASS FROM THE LATE MIDDLE AGES

IN THE ALLAIRE COLLECTION

 

13E KRAUTSRUNK BEAKER

13E Krautstrunk C. 1490-1500 H 9.5 cm

13E Krautstrunk C. 1490-1500 H 9.5 cm

23E MEDIEVAL MAIGELEIN

23E Maigeline C. 1470-1520

23E Maigeline C. 1470-1520

49E MEDIEVAL MAIGELEIN

49E Maigelin C. 1470-1520

49E Maigelin C. 1470-1520

74E WARZENBEACHER (wart beaker)

74E Warzenbecher 17th Century

74E Warzenbecher 17th Century

86E MEDIEVAL BEAKER WITH STEM FOOT

86E Medieval Wald Glass Beaker C. 1500-1550

86E Medieval Wald Glass Beaker C. 1500-1550

105E KEULENGLAS BEAKER

105E Keulenglas Beaker 17th Century

105E Keulenglas Beaker 17th Century

109E RIDGED BEAKER WITH DISTINCT FOOT

109E Medieval Beaker 15th Century

109E Medieval Beaker 15th Century

110E TRAILED BEAKER FROM THE NETHERLANDS

110E Trailed Beaker from the Netherlands 17th Century

110E Trailed Beaker from the Netherlands 17th Century

120E SINGLE KUTTROLF FROM THE MIDDLE AGES

120E Single Kuttrolf120E Single Kuttrolf 16th Century

ROEMERS

Roemers group

 

Later Engraved Roemer

05E Roemer Engraved Roemer Late 18th Century H 12.7 cm

05E Roemer Engraved Roemer Late 18th Century H 12.7 cm

Engraved Roemer

08E Engraved Roemer Late 17th Century H 13cm

08E Engraved Roemer 17th Century H: 13cm

Later Engraved Roemer

09E Engraved Roemer Second half of the 18th Century H 13cm

09E Engraved Roemer Second half of the 18th Century H 13cm

SHALLOW ROEMER

18E Shallow Roemer 2nd Half of 17th Century H 9cm

18E Shallow Roemer 2nd Half of 17th Century H 9cm

LARGE GREEN ROEMER

31E Large Roemer

31E Large Roemer H: 15.5 cm Date: Late 17th Century

12E EARLY ROEMER

12E Berkmeyer 2nd Half of 16th Century H 9cm

12E Berkmeyer 2nd Half of 16th Century H 9cm

40E EARLY ROEMER

40E Early Roemer 16th Century H 9cm

40E Early Roemer 16th Century H 9cm

56E EARLY ROEMER

56E Early Roemer 16th Century H 10cm

56E Early Roemer 16th Century H 10 cm

45E LARGE COLORLESS ROEMER

45E Colorles Roemer C. 1700-1720 H 16cm

45E Colorles Roemer C. 1700-1720 H 16cm

46 A&B A PAIR OF MATCHING ROEMERS

46E A&B A Pair of Matching Roemers 17th-18th Century

46E A&B A Pair of Matching Roemers 17th-18th Century

48E LIGHT GREEN MODERN ROEMER

48E Light green Roemer 19-20th C H: 4 ½ inches

48E Light green Roemer 19-20th C

50A ROEMER WITH SPHERICAL PRUNTS

50E Roemer with Spherical Prunts C. 1650-1675 H 12cm

50E Roemer with Spherical Prunts C. 1650-1675 H 12cm

57E ENAMELED ROEMER (Ray’s Roemer)

57E Victorian Enamelled Roemer 1890-1910 H 11cm

57E Victorian Enamelled Roemer 1890-1910 H 11cm

58E LARGE GREEN ROEMER

58E Tall Dark Green Roemer Late 17th Century H 15.8cm

58E Tall Dark Green Roemer Late 17th Century H 15.8cm

59E LARGE DUTCH ROEMER

59E Large Dutch Roemer 17th Century H 16.5cm

59E Large Dutch Roemer 17th Century H 16.5cm

106E SMALL GREEN ROEMER

106E Small Green Glass Roemer It may be from the Netherlands. H: 11.5 cm 17th Century

106E Small Green Glass Roemer
H: 11.5 cm 17th Century

 

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