Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection

English Wine Glass

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 28, 2018

Green English wine with blown hollow stem and dome foot

Green English wine glass with blown hollow stem and dome foot. (82E)

82E Green English wine glass with blown hollow stem and dome foot.


H: 15 cm

C. 1750

Bickerton # 1154, Fitzwilliam # 225c, Rijksmuseum #230


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 27, 2018



H: 15 cm,  Date: Late Roman 4th to 5th Century

Remarks: This distinctive jug (56R) has a spherical body which rests on a thick base. A tall tubular neck extends upwards from the body and terminates into a splayed lip. Below the lip is a thick glass trail. A wide handle is pulled up from the shoulder where it is tooled into an elaborate triangular finial.

Reference: Shining Vessels #127, LACMA # 127, Hermitage # 188 and 196, Corning Vol. 2 # 714


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 24, 2018


In 1901 Henry Clay Fry began the H.C. Fry Glass Co. at Rochester, PA.  This company made complete dinner sets, tea sets and a large variety of heat-resistant oven glassware from 1916 to 1930 under a license from the Corning Glass Works. In the 1920’s they started to manufacture cut glass They are also known for their opalescent “Art Glass” called Foval.  The factory closed in 1934. Enclosed are examples of their heat-resistant dinner sets and tea sets from the Allaire Collection and other sources.

Blue handle tea set not complete, photo from Cottone Auctions

Green handle tea set not complete , photo from Jeffrey S. Evans @ Associates web page

Opalescent “Art G;ass” Foval not complete, photo from Jeffrey S. Evans @ Associates web page

Opalescent tea set not complete, photo from Case Antiques

Allaire Collection of Fry Glass

A good book on this type of glass is The Collector’s Encyclopedia of Fry Glassware (Cut Glass, Oven Ware, Art Glass and Kitchen Ware)

by H.C. Fry Glass Society

The Collector’s Encyclopedia of Fry Glassware




Amethyst English Pitcher

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 23, 2018

This is a beautiful small amethyst pitcher having an optically molded body and perfectly laid on delicate thin handle.

H: 9 cm D: 1780

88E Small Amethyst Pitcher, English


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 22, 2018

Merovingian or Gallo-Roman Beaker

115E Gallo-Roman Glass Beaker

H: 11.5 cm
D: 4th –Early 5th Century AD

Gallo-Roman beaker 115E was made in the beginning of the Migration Period in the Western Provinces. The elegantly formed beaker is made of light olive green glass and stands on a conical base ring. Intact. Ex: Martin Wunsch collection, NYC.

Ref: David Whitehouse, Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass, Volume 1, #177 P.115, Sotheby’s Nov 20 1987 Lot 133, #81, Memoires de Verre, # 74 P. 40, Verreries Antiques der Musee de Picardie # 319 P. 5



Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 21, 2018

SPRINKLER WITH FINS of Joop van der Groen



Roman Empire, Syrian-Palestinian area │ 3th – 4th century AD
Size: ↑ 9,2 cm; Ø max. (excl. fins) 6,5 cm; Ø rim 4,6 cm. │ Weight: 75 gram

Technique: Free blown. Tooled.
Description: Transparent bluish-green glass with a few small air bubbles. Body and neck separately blown and then pressed together. Short cylindrical neck with a small oval opening in the base. Funnel shaped mouth with a glass-thread at the underside. Rim folded outward, upward and inward. Bulbous body with two rows of four fins pulled out of the glass. Base flat, lightly pushed in upward. No pontil mark.
Condition: Intact with some weathering.
Remarks: A typical mark of sprinklers is the very small opening at the base of the neck that enables perfume to be poured out drop by drop. Sprinklers were used for sprinkling oneself as refreshment against the heat.  In the Roman time sprinklers were named gutturnia (singular: gutturnium).
Provenance: 2004 Galerie Rhéa, Zürich (Switzerland). Before 2004 in a private collection, Bern (Switzerland).
Published: Romeins glas uit particulier bezit (J. van der Groen & H. van Rossum, 2011).
Exhibited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), “Romeins Glas, geleend uit particulier bezit”, 29 April – 28 August 2011, exp. no. 127.
Reference: Gläser der Antike – Sammlung Erwin Oppenländer (A. von Saldern, 1974), no. 692; Roman and Pre-Roman Glass in the Royal Ontario Museum (J. Hayes, 1975), no. 157; Ancient Glass at the Newark Museum from the Eugene Schaefer Collection of Antiquities (S. Auth, 1976), no. 147; Römische Kleinkunst – Sammlung Karl Löffler (P. La Baume en J. Salomonson, 1976). no. 178; Glas der Antike – Kestner-Museum Hannover (U. Liepmann, 1982). no. 97.


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 19, 2018

Half-oval Roman glass bowl with blobs of  The Windmill Collection of Roman Glass


Date: End of 4th- early 5th century A.D.

Size: H = 8.3 cm  D = 9.0 cm.

Classification: Isings 1957, variant 96b Goethert-Polascheck, form 49A Harter (1999), form B21

Provenance:Private collection Cologne (Germany)

Description: Transparent free-blown bowl of greenish a little soiled glass. The bowl runs from the bottom with a slight slope half-oval upwards, with the wall being outwards at an inch below the edge. Halfway on the round body there is a pattern of 11 blue dots, varying in size and arranged at an irregular distance from each other. The edge is not finished, seems to be pinched and then sharpened, there is no pontil mark.

Condition: intact

Remarks: To make the decoration, the glassblower probably placed colored beads at some distance from each other on a hard surface, after which he rolled out a heated glass post. After reheating and blowing out in the form, the dots have dropped in the surface, but remain cooler in the bowl as a thickening after cooling.

Bowls and cups with blobs are mainly found in the western part of the Roman Empire, but also to a lesser extent in the Eastern Mediterranean. It is striking that most published copies originating from the Eastern Mediterranean are light (bluish) in color and have engraved lines. For example, the bowl from the collections of Oppenländer, Bijnsdorp and those from the Princeton Museum. The Windmill-bowl, on the other hand, has no engraved lines, is slightly polluted greenish and has, among other things, streaks in the glass, possibly indicating a (later) production in the western Roman Empire as a transition to the Merovingian period. This is reinforced by the fact that according to a communication from the previous owner, this glass would have been found in the vicinity of Cologne. It is known that both in the Netherlands (Nijmegen) and in Rhineland-Westphalia, Belgica Gallica and more to the south, numerous finds of this kind of cups and bowls have been made.

Fremersdorf (1961) makes an extensive description of this type of cups and bowls with blobs in which he makes a classification in cups found in the Rhineland (but possibly having an eastern origin, cups made in the Danube region and Italy, and cups / bowls). with a certain eastern origin. The classification seems arbitrary.Although it is known that many glasses ended up in the Western provinces via the usual trade routes, but also the (with slightly more colored blobs) cups that characterize an undisputed Cologne production and the numerous finds in the West seem more likely that this type must also be manufactured in this region. Fremersdorf also makes a distinction in cups (usually with engraved lines) that are faintly shaped at the top and copies that are slightly more outwardly folded.

He describes, among other things, a similar bowl (Table 98, bottom right) with an almost identical pattern as the Windmill-copy. This bowl would be in the Landesmuseum Mainz (no. O.2153), has no engravings and would have been found in Dunapentele (current Dunaújváros in Hungary). Barkóczi (1988) also reports numerous finds in the former Roman province of Pannonia, a region located east of the Alps, surrounded by the Carpathians and the Balkan Mountains. The Danube flows through this area. He assumes these bowls and cups come from local production centers.

The function, depending on form and execution, is not unambiguous. Perhaps intended as a bowl and / or cup for drinking or used as a lamp. The latter quality is best known from the long conical specimens. In the literature, the name of the different versions is often used interchangeably, among others by Whitehouse (Corning Museum New York) and Isings (1957).

Reference: Harden 1987 Glass of the Ceasars nr. (different series of blobs); Oppenländer nr.727, Whitehouse part I nos.371 and 375; collection N.F. Bijnsdorp (NFB 227), regular bubble pattern; Fremersdorf (1961), Table 98, r.u.)

Crystal Glass Small Spirit Carafe

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 18, 2018

(118E) Allaire Collection Crystal Glass Small Spirit Carafe


This is an Arts & Crafts small spirit carafe. It is made of fine leaded glass in a clean and pleasing shape. The carafe was made by Powell & Sons (Whitefriars) Ltd in, England. In 1834 James Powell (1774–1840), purchased the Whitefriars Glass Company, a small glassworks off Fleet Street in London, believed to have been established in 1680. The company, mainly known for manufacturing stained glass windows, provided glass to other stained glass firms and a wide range of other handmade glassware. The Whitefriars Co. closed in 1980.

H: 5 ¼ inches
D: 1880


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 16, 2018

Glass in The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Early Byzantine mold-blown glass vessels mainly can be put into two groups

Group I

Characteristics: Mostly made with blue green glass with one sub-group using Christian symbols and the second sub-group having stylized crosses, columns, palm fronds & simple geometric patterns. Below are examples of this group.



Group II

Characteristics: Mostly made with brown, sometimes bluish green glass with one sub-group using Christian, Jewish or geometric pattern symbols in four sided vessels.  The second sub-group also in brown glass in two shapes jugs and jars both squat in hexagonal vessels. Also stylized with Christian, Jewish or geometric patterns  symbols.



Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 15, 2018


This is a Frankish (Merovingian) glass beaker with fine trailing. The piece is made from bubbly glass with a slight green tinge and has a bell-shaped body on a small circular pad base. At the top there is a splayed lip and below it there is a neck band of fine trailing. Intact. Ex Martin Wunsch collection, NYC.

There is a similar glass beaker  in our collection 54E Frankish or Merovingian Beaker .

H: 10.3 cm

D: 5-6th Century AD

Ref: Vera I. Evison, Catalogue of Anglo-Saxon Glass in the British Museum, Plate 3 #49 P. 131

116E Merovingian trailed Beaker

116E Merovingian trailed Beaker

%d bloggers like this: