Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection

SQUAT CARINATED ROMAN BOTTLE

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on October 29, 2018

SQUAT CARINATED ROMAN BOTTLE of  Hans van Rossum

ROMAN SQUAT CARINATED BLUE BOTTLE

ROMAN SQUAT CARINATED BLUE BOTTLE

1st century AD | Eastern Mediterranean, said to be found in Jerusalem

Size↑8.9 cm | ø 6.6 cm | Weight 30 g

Technique: free blown, opaque thread applied; tooled

Description: Transparent cobalt blue glass, squat, carinated body; long cylindrical neck, flaring mouth and rim folded outward. Rounded base, no pontil. The body decorated with a white opaque thread attached with a blob to the lower part of the neck wound clockwise, in numerous revolutions around the body and ending in a spiral on the rounded base. The thread is applied to the body before blowing the bottle. The bottom part of the carinated body is marvered to form the squat shape.
Condition Intact, perfect condition; slightly incrustation

Remarks: The carinated form of the body is exceedingly rare for a bottle with thread decoration. This shape was more common for early first century blown marbled examples. The result of applying the thin thread around the body before blowing it to the present shape is amazing. It looks like a design made fully automatical, by a machine.

Provenance: Ex private collection USA, 1967-2015, Archaeological Shop Tel Aviv Hilton, Tel Aviv-Israel, December 1967

Reference: Christie’s London, auction 3 July 1996 lot 366 for a striking identical example in blue, auction 11 December 1996 lot 4 for a striking identical example in purple
Ancient Glass in the Yale University Art Gallery, S. B. Matheson no. 75 for an example in purple
Antikes Glas, Sammlung Morell, B. Haas-Gebhard & R. Gebhard no. M170 for an example in purple
The Constable-Maxwell Collection of Ancient Glass, Sotheby’s 5 June 1979 lot 85 for an example in almost colorless glass.
Les Verres Antiques du Musée du Louvre, V. Arveiller-Dulong & M-D. Nenna no. 828 for an example in blue

 

ROMAN GLASS PILGRIM-FLASK

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on October 27, 2018

ROMAN GLASS PILGRIM-FLASK

The Augustinus Collection of Ancient Glass

                                              Of the 3rd to 4th century AD or possibly later. Morin-Jean form no 43,

Size: ↑ 15.8 cm | Ø body:10.8 x 5.85 cm | Ø Mouth : 5.2 cm | Ø Base facet: 5.3 cm| Weight: 158 g |

 

Description: Flask of translucent, almost opaque blue glass: lens–shaped circular body; rim out-splayed; long cylindrical neck; two opposed handles, of a slightly different and clearer blue, pulled up from the shoulder towards half way to the neck where they are joined to a glass ring, from where a thread in three windings is brought up to the rim; base flattened and with a (seemingly lost) pontil-mark where there now is a hole.

Technique: Blown into a mold with no decoration. Rim everted and rounded. The handles, ring and rim  were applied in a slightly darker color blue. Susan Auth suggests that the pilgrim-flasks were made by blowing a standard bottle consequently compressing it into a flat-side circle.

 

Condition: Intact but with a whole in the bottom; very heavy black and white chalky weathering from probably its original content. Analysis proofs that the white substance is a carbonate white lead, (Pb(OH)2), a poison made up in ancient times, also used to conserve and sweeten food. The blue glass itself is iridescent with plenty of elongated bubbles.

 

Remarks: Neck longer than usual as seen with pilgrim-flasks from the 3rd. to 4th. century. The handles coming together in a ring of glass.  The position of the neck is also a characteristic of this era. Concerning the use of the color opaque-blue, it may be exceptional and belonging to a later date than the 3rd. to 4th. century AD.

 

Reference: Bomford Collection, Museum of Bristol, no: 64, p 21. 1st century AD; Roemisch-Germanisches Museum Koeln, Glas der Antiken Welt I, D76, Tafel 14,1; Loeschcke, Sammlung Niessen, Nr 1105, Tafel 45; Zahn, Sammlung Baurat Schiller, Nr 202, Tafel 10; Auth, Newark Museum, Nr 459, p 220; Allaire Collection, (active link) #50R, ex Shalom Collection; Charles Ede, London, catalogue #7-49.(Active link) Bijnsdorp Collection 2010, no NFB 170., Hans van Rossum  (active link) LENTOID BOTTLE.

 

Provenance: From a private dutch collection, previously unpublished;

SQUAT ROMAN GLASS JUG

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on October 25, 2018

SQUAT JUG of Hans van Rossum

Date: Late 1st century – 2nd century AD | Roman Empire, probably Eastern Mediterranean  Size↑15.8 cm | ø 15.5 cm | Weight 352 g

 

Technique: Free blown, handle applied

Classification: Goethert-Polaschek 1977, p. 202 form 120; Morin-Jean 1977 type handle α¹

Description: A transparent bluish-green glass jug, squat spherical body. Cylindrical neck, rim folded out and down, up and out to form a collar with a projecting horizontal ledge.  Bottom slightly indented, no pontil mark. Sets of wheel-engraved lines around the body. Three-ribbed strap handle applied to the shoulder, drawn up and attached to upper part of neck and lower part of rim at right angles; body decorated with four horizontal wheel-cut bands each between two fine lines.

Condition: Intact, areas of weathering

Remarks: Well visible is the line the liquid made in ancient times at the moment that someone placed the jug into the tomb.

Provenance: collection Werner Wollek, Munich, acquired in the 1950s – 1960s

Published: Gorny & Mosch Munich, Auktion Kunst der Antike no. 145, 14. Dezember 2005 lot 39

Reference: a Collection of Ancient Glass 500 BC – 500 AD, P.L.W. Arts no. 43 Römische Kleinkunst Sammlung Karl Löffner, Wissenschaftliche Katalog des Römisch-Germanischen-Museums Köln, Band III, P. La Baume no. 110 Ancient and Islamic Glass in the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, A. Oliver Jr. no. 79

GLASS FOOTED BOWLS

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on October 22, 2018

The foot on a bowl or vessel has been made almost from the beginning of glass making.  It is both decorative and functional.  In Harold Newman’s “An Illustrated Dictionary of Glass”, the definition of the foot on glass vessels takes up two full pages!  Below a few variations of this are shown.  Wherever you see a parentheses ( ) below it is an active link within this blog for additional information.

(Allaire Collection)

(39R) Egyptian Bowl H: 9cm D: 13cm 4th Century

(24E) English Paneled Bowl H: 3 inches, Dia. 4 ¾ inches 18th Century

 

(79A) Green Jade Colored Steuben Glass Bowl H: 2 ½ inches 1920s

 

 

(24E) English Paneled Bowl H: 3 inches, D: 4 ¾ inches 18th Century

 

(Hans van Rossum) now in the Arie Dekker collection

Roman footed bowl D: 2nd-3rd century H: 7.3 cm.  D: 9.0 cm. Weight 60 g.

(David Giles)

(Venetian Footed Bow) Venice in the early 1500. Diameter is 28 cm.

(Nico F. Bijnsdorp)

(Roman bowl with diamond-shaped motifs) 4th century AD. Possibly Western Empire. H= 4.4 cm. D over lugs = 11.0 cm. D rim= 8.5 cm. D base= 3.9 cm. Weight 109 gr.

 

Set of deep Egyptian bowls 5th – 6th century

1. H: 5.8 cm. D max 9.4 cm. D base 5.5 cm. Weight 86 g. 2. H: 7.0 cm. D max: 11.9 cm. D base: 5.5 cm. Weight 94 g. 3. H: 7.0 cm. D max: 13.6 cm. D base: 7.8 cm. Weight 242g.

 

Roman glass Carchesium D: 3rd -4th century H: 8.2 cm., D rim: 9.8 cm D base: 3.8 cm Weight: 61 g.

 

Roman bowl with scalloped rim D: 4th century probably Karanis H: 6.4 cm, D max: 15.2 cm D base: 5.6 cm Weight 151 g.

 

(Elisabeth & Theo Zandbergen)

 

(Roman green glass bowl) Origin: Probably Egypt, Karanis, end 2nd, early 3rd century AD.

(The Windmill Collection of Roman Glass)

(Egyptian deep bowl) 4th-5th Century AD, Egypt (Fayum) Size: H = 7.7 cm. D = 13.8 cm.

(The Augustinus Collection of Ancient Glass )

 

(Small Roman glass bowl) D: 1st to 2nd century A.D. Size: ­ 4.4 cm | Ø Mouth: 9.7 cm. | Ø Base facet: 6.5cm.| ­foot: 1.2 cm. | Weight: 69 g.

WONDERFUL GLASS CANES

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on October 19, 2018

Wonderful Glass Canes

Glass canes have been used to make many different types of glass objects from the beginnings of glass making to the present day.  A cane is a hollow or solid thin rod of glass which can be clear and colorless, multi colored and opaque or mixtures of all of these. To make a cane a blob of molten glass attached to a pontil is stretched or drawn out to the desired thinness. These drawn rods can be twenty feet or more in length. The cold canes are then cut into the required lengths or thin slices depending on what is being made. There are as many different types of canes and procedures as there are objects made with them.  Glass canes are used to make millefiori, mosaic, air twist, opaque white or colored twist stems, and the Venetian filigrana glassware.

Additional information:

This is a link to a video made by Corning Museum of Glass on how canes are made and used.

For additional reading I highly  recommend one of the best books on the subject of cane making and Filigrana glass by Kitty Lameris,

“A Collection of Filigrana Glass, Kitty Lameris, Amsterdam, 2012″

The following examples of glassware made with canes are from the Allaire Collection and Museum collections.

Roman Bowl with Vertical Rim

Posted in 2. Ancient Glass, Roman Glass by Allaire Collection of Glass on October 18, 2018

63R  Date 4th C H: 5 cm, D: 12.5

This simple Roman bowl was made with a vertical rim folded under to form a small flange. The bottom is finished with a ring base and the center of the bowl shows a slight kick

Ref: Trasparenze Imperiale#161, Constable-Maxwell Lot# 128

Late Roman Glass Jar with Chain Decoration

Posted in 2. Ancient Glass, CATEGORIES OF GLASS TYPES ON THIS SITE, Roman Glass by Allaire Collection of Glass on October 17, 2018

51R Late Roman Glass Jar with Chain Decoration

51R Jar 4th C

Date: 4th C H: 11.1 cm

This late Roman glass jar is light green in color and free-blown.  The piriform body is concave on the underside and has a wide flaring mouth with a rounded rim with applied dark blue trailing wound spirally up the rim.  There are three trails wound around the body and tooled at intervals to form a pattern of bisected ovals called chain trailing. The trailing on this object is similar to a Juglet from the Hans van Rossum collection and Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Accession Number: 37.128.6.

 

LATE PERSIAN GLASS at THE METROPOLITAN ART MUSEUM

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on October 16, 2018

Blown glass in the Islamic word usually involved creating a blown vessel inside a mold.  Under the Qajars in Iran, however, Iranian artisans developed a technical mastery of free-blown and trailed glass similar to that practiced for centuries in Murano, near Venice.  All the glasses below where made in the 19th century

GLASS HOLY WATER STOUPS

Posted in 3. European Glass, CATEGORIES OF GLASS TYPES ON THIS SITE, European Misc., Spanish Glass by Allaire Collection of Glass on October 15, 2018

In Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy and some other churches, holy water is water that has been sanctified by a priest for the purpose of baptism, the blessing of persons, places, and objects. As a reminder of baptism, Catholic Christians dip their fingers in the holy water and make the sign of the cross when entering the church. Holy water is kept in a font, which is typically located at the entrance to a church (or sometimes in a separate room or building called a baptistery). A smaller vessel for Holy water, called stoup, is usually placed on a wall near the entrances of the church. Stoups are made of many different materials including glass. Glass stoups were popular in Spain and Low Countries in the 18th Century for churches and private home which had a chapel in them. Below are two examples of stoups from the Allaire collection number 28E, 100E and two additional pictures from other sources.

GLASS HOLY WATER STOUP, SPANISH 28E

28E Holy Water Stoup, Spanish with a cross finial 18th Century

28E Holy Water Stoup, Spanish with a cross finial 18th Century

H: 9 1/2 in.
18th Century

This Spanish glass 18th century stoup was used as a basin for holy water in a Roman Catholic Church. It was hung on the wall near the entrance of the church for worshipers to dip their fingers in before crossing themselves.
Ref: Hermitage #34, #16

GLASS HOLY WATER STOUP 100E

100E Holy-water Stoup Low Countries C.1760

100E Holy-water Stoup Low Countries C.1760

C. 1760
H: 26 cm

This clear colorless glass has a mold-blown body with vertical ribbing. The double bowl fans out to a wide rim. The center back features a loop design and decorative edging, and flat pointed top. It was made in the Low Countries or France.
Ref: Rijksmuseum #309 (bowl similar)

SALVIATI GOBLET

Posted in 3. European Glass, CATEGORIES OF GLASS TYPES ON THIS SITE, Salviati Glass by Allaire Collection of Glass on October 13, 2018

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This 1880 clear cristallo goblet is in the style of late 16th early 17th C wines.  The clear stem has blue scroll and clear pincered ornament. Made by the Barovier family for the Salviati Co.

H: 16cm

C. 1880

Barr p28

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