Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection

BARREL-SHAPED BOTTLE WITH TWO HANDLES

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on January 27, 2019

BARREL-SHAPED BOTTLE WITH TWO HANDLES OF Nico F. Bijnsdorp

 

Date: Late 3rd – 4th century AD. Northwest Empire, Gaul or Rhineland.

Size: H: 18.5 cm. Dmax: 8.6 cm. Drim: 5.4 cm. Dbase: 7.1 cm. Weight: 219 gr.

Classification: Isings 1957: Form 128., Morin-Jean 1913: Form 132., Sennequier 2013: Form HN 15.2., Goethert-Polaschek 1977: Form 142.

Condition: Intact. Some weathering and iridescence.

Technique: Body blown in three-part mold with two vertical sections and one section for the base. Mouth and neck free blown. Handles applied.

Description:Transparent pale yellowish green tinted glass. Cylindrical body divided in three horizontal bands of roughly equal height. Top band has five, bottom band six continuous horizontal ribs, imitating hoops binding wooden staves. The central band is plain and slightly convex. Horizontal shoulder with rounded edge. Cylindrical neck slightly tapering upwards to horizontal rim. Rim folded out, up and in to form a narrow flange with rounded edge. Slightly concave base with concentric circle around pontil mark. Two opposite broad strap handles with ribs on either edge drawn up from edge of shoulder, bent at straight angle and attached with a fold to the neck and underside of rim. Prominent vertical mold seams under right side of handles from shoulder down to base.

Remarks:

(1) Three different mold-types for barrel-shaped bottles have been identified. This bottle was blown in a three-part mold: one part for each vertical half and one for the base. The second mold-type had two vertical sections, each of them extending to the underside of the base where the mold seams formed a horseshoe-shaped pattern (see NFB 373). The third mold-type consisted of two identical halves, resulting in two vertical mold-seams and a straight seam across the middle of the base.

(2) Barrel-shaped bottles imitate the larger wooden barrels that were used for storage of liquids (wine, beer, oil). They were exclusively made in the Western Empire, mainly in the northwest of Gaul and the Rhineland. The earliest ones have one handle (NFB 373), later examples have two handles (NFB 372). The bottles were standardized in size to contain a certain quantity of liquid.

Provenance: Sheikh Saud Bin Mohamed Ali Althani Collection, Doha, Qatar. Louis-Gabriel Bellon Collection, Saint-Nicolas, France (1819-1899).

Published: Jack-Philippe Ruellan, 4 April 2009, No. 192.

References:

Stern 2001, The Ernesto Wolf Collection, No. 76.*

Follmann-Schulz 1992, Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn, No. 22.*

Dilly & Mahéo 1997, Musée de Picardie, No. 73.

Welker 1987, Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte Frankfurt am Main, Nos. 14-15.

Arveiller-Dulong 1985, Musée Archeologique de Strasbourg, Nos. 373-375.

Val-d’Oise 1993, Musée Archeologique Departemental du Val-d’Oise, No. 176.

Metropolitan Museum New York, accession number 17.194.190.

 

* Same mold-construction as NFB 373.

 

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