Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection

ROMAN WHEEL-CUT GLASS FLASK

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 12, 2019

(10R) Wheel-Cut Bottle of Allaire Collection

Date: First Century Size: H: 12.5 cm

Description: A large flask in a bluish pale color has a globular body with a flattened base.  The straight cylindrical neck ends with a small outward-folded collar rim. The body is decorated with five wheel-cut bands of alternating widths.  A thin layer of iridescence is scattered over the piece. A tiny strain crack appears inside the neck, otherwise it is intact.  The bottle is from Italy.

Ref: Scatozza Horicht 1986, pp. 56-57, nos. 125-126, from Herculaneum, not later than A.D 79, Hayes 1975, p. 58, no. 144 published a similar bottle of unknown provenance and noted a parallel from a Neronian or Vespasianic grave at Histria Alexandrescu 1966, p. 219, pl. 101. Constable-Maxwell Collection 1979, p. 77, no. 125 may belong to this group, although it was catalogued with a later date.

Comment: The flask belongs to a group of globular bottles with cylindrical necks and plain or collar like rims, which are decorated with parallel and / or intersection circles or combinations of circles and other motifs. The size varies. The bottles may be divided into at least three subgroups.  Vessels in the first subgroup have collar like rims and decorated on the wall with continuous broad, horizontal wheel-cut bands; they were present in Italy in the first century A.D. example Allaire Collection 10R above.

The second subgroup also consists of bottles with collar like rims, but in this case the horizontal groves are accompanied by upright circles and inclined great circles. The example below of the second subgroup is in Corning Museum of Glass #433. Formerly in the Smith Collection # 1404.  Dated 3rd to 4th century and may have been made in the eastern Mediterranean. Reference for this comment is from Roman Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass Volume One page 253 #433

#433 Bottle The Corning Museum of Glass 3-4th C.

The third and largest subgroup come from sites in the Rhineland, and it consists of bottles with plain rims. The decoration is more varied than in either of the other subgroups. It includes animals and flower-like motifs along with shorter necks and plain rims. The walls are decorated with continuous horizontal grooves intersecting with great circles, and on the bottom with a quadruped. Below is an example of this type

Wheel cut bottle in The J. Paul Getty Museum (Getty Villa) 3-4th C.

 

 

 

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