Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on June 27, 2019


Romans often drank a mixture of vinegar and water and had a special container for this called an acetabulum. This is from the Latin acetum (vinegar) and abulum the suffix denoting a small vessel.   Today the word is used only as a medical term to describe the cup-like shape in your hip that the thigh bone sits in. Usually made of pottery, some in the first Century, as in this example were made of glass and often found in Italian graves.  Below are three examples.





Roman Glass Acetabulum


61R Small cup (acetabulum) 1st Century


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on June 24, 2019


Spanish Façon de Venise Glass Server Flask

Spanish Façon de Venise Glass Serving Flask

Origin: Spain – Cataluña, end of the 17th century.
Dimensions: Size↑24,2 cm.; ø 11,8 cm.; ø outlet 3 cm.; weight 240 gram; capacity 1285 ml.

Description: This is a beautiful free blown serving flask. It is an example of Façon de Venise glass which has been made in Spain possibly by glassmakers who emigrated from Altare or escaped from Venise. The decoration has still the characteristics of Venetian glass with the spiraling decorations in white opaque glass (tin oxide). It is also probable that this object was made in Cadalso in the time Dieudonné Lambotte who emigrated from Flanders to Cadalso was working there. Would it be possible that this object was made by Lambotte himself? Who knows. Looking at the architecture of the object the assumption could be correct. One of the ingredients to make such beautiful clear glass came from Spain, the so called barilla. A soda made from salicornia giving a sodium basis iso. of the more commonly used potassium based soda. It is well known that the Venetians preferred barilla to make their famous light and clear glass. They even tried in those days to grow the salicornia in the brackish swamps close to Venice as the supply was not always dependable.  The decoration with the tin-oxide white opaque glass bands was very much en vogue in those days and is called vetro a fili. The Spanish and Italian glassmakers were real masters in those techniques. See the catalogue “A Collection of Filigrana glass, by Kitty Laméris 2014.

Material: soda glass

Parallels: Zerwick, “A short history of Glass” pag. 55, pict. 44

Provenance: With Peter Korf de Gidts, Amsterdam In owners collection since 2004


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on June 21, 2019

EARLY ROMAN JUG of  Hans van Rossum

Early Roman Jug

Early Roman Jug

Second part of 1st century AD | Roman Empire, probably north Italy

Seize↑11.8 cm | ø body 8.4 cm | ø mouth 6.5 cm | Weight 85 g

Technique: Free blown, bifurcated handle applied; tooled

Classification: Isings form 56a | For the handle: Fleming 1999 type MS 5254

Description: Light green glass, bulbous body; squat cylindrical neck. Wide mouth, rim
unworked, folded as trefoil lip. Bifurcated handle, applied on shoulder, drawn up
and attached below the rim in a fold and at right angles. The fold resembles a thumb-
rest. Slightly indented base with no rest of pontil.

Condition: Intact, incredible rainbow colored iridescence

Remarks: This jug is the earliest form of a imitation of well known bronze oenochoë, it has a
simple concave base; the bifurcated handle is a characteristic for a production in the
end of the first to first part of the second century. The unworked rim is a
characteristic for a production in Italy. The earliest specimen comes from a pre-
Flavian grave at Este. The same form is known from Pompeii. (Isings 1957)

Provenance: Private Collection USA, 2014

Reference: Vetri antichi del Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Este, A. Toniolo no. 269
Vetri antichi del Museo archeologico al Teatro Romano di Verona e di altre collezioni
veronesi, G. M. Facchini no. 377 & 378
Vetri antichi delle Province di Belluno, Treviso e Vicenza, C. Casagrande-F.Ceselin no. 149
Les Verres antiques du Musée du Louvre, II, V. Arveiller & M-D. Nenna no. 553


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on June 18, 2019

30E Small Glass Pocket Tumbler with White Trailing

30E Small Glass Pocket Tumbler with White Trailing

 This tumbler is a golden honey color with thin white trailing. This piece is unusual because of its color, type of trailing and its small size.  A glass pocket tumbler was carried by a traveler in a pouch or pocket and used for drinking.  Its shape is that of a rectangle with rounded corners or a “stadium”.  A large number of pocket tumblers were made in Spain from the early-17th though the late-18th century.  The origin of the piece could be Spain, or Germany.  No close parallels could be found.  If anyone knows of one please let us know.

H: 7.3 cm

18th Century


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on June 15, 2019

Visits to the Corning Museum of Glass over many years


The Corning Museum of Glass is truly a unique Museum!   It focuses on only one subject –  glass. The purpose of this blog is to highlight the historical glass collection which is the most comprehensive and perhaps best in the world. The Museum has more than 45,000 objects and traces 3,500 years of glassmaking history.  “CMOG”, as it is called,  is a lot more than just the collection galleries, shown below are other features of the Museum as taken from their web site:

Additional links about CMOG




MEDIEVAL GLASS For Popes,Princes and Peasants

Hands-on exhibits that tell the story of the science and technology behind innovations in glass.

Live, narrated glassblowing demonstrations all day, every day.

Make Your Own Glass, the Museum’s unique try-it-yourself glassmaking progra

Glassworking Studio A fully equipped offering year-round courses in all levels of glassmaking.

Rakow Research Library, has one of the finest collection of research materials related to the art, history, craft and technology of glass.

 GlassMarket An 18,000 square-foot , where you can purchase glass treasures from around the world.

Corning Museum of Glass home page


It was a  proud moment for us to have our Merovingian glass displayed in the CMOG galley (May 2010) while their glass was in the show MEDIEVAL GLASS For Popes,Princes and Peasants.



Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on June 12, 2019

The painting is from the collection David and Jennifer Giles (active link)

Artist Annelies Jonkhart is a well-known Dutch artist. Specializing in painting still life with a preference for objects with a ‘soul’ such as archaeological glass, but also living fruit and flowers. Yearly she takes part in exhibitions at art galleries in the Netherlands (e.g. Bonnard Gallery Nuenen, Wijdemeren Gallery, Staphorsius Gallery, O.L.Vrouwe Gallery Maastricht). For many years her work also has been represented by galleries in the U.S.A. (Park City, Salt Lake City and Provo).

In 2004 she published her Monograph “Geboren in Geborgenheid’.

Cinerary urn with lid, from the Windmill Collection picture made by Aad van den Born

This Roman glass cinerarium is the exact one seen in painting.  The cinerarium is in the Windmill Collection of Glass. For information on this object and other use this link.  Windmill collection(active link).


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on June 9, 2019

Cylindrical Roman Glass Jug From The Windmill Collection of Roman Glass

Date: Late 1st – 2nd Century AD, Roman Empire Sizes: H = 10.0 cm     D = 10.0 cm

Provenance: Dutch private collection

Description: Light blue-green cylindrical squat bottle, probably manufactured in the mold with a flattened bottom. No pontil mark. The short neck is free-blown and runs in a slight bend to the mouth that has been bent out, folded down and up again and then flattened. The strap handled jug has four ribs and has been put on from the shoulders with a post of glass separately, fed up and placed against the neck and lower part of the edge.

Condition: Intact

Classification: Isings (1957), form 51a, Fleming (1999), type MS 5128 (handle)

References: John & Carole Allaire Collection 73R; Mimara Archeological Museum Zagreb (Ratkovic-Bukovcan 2004 , 11002);


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on June 6, 2019



The Augustinus Collection of Ancient Glass

Date from: the late 3rd to 4th. century

Isings form: 105, Morin-Jean form: 32,  Goethert-Polaschek  form: 85.

Size: ↑ | Ø Mouth: 1.75 cm | Ø mid: 2.5 cm | Ø Base:1.8 cm | W: 49.9 gr.|

Technique: Basically the long bottle was blown freely into a short mold, by this creating the ability to form the bubble at the end, before stretching or elongating the glass to form the square bulbous middle-section and long neck. An outsplayed and rounded mouth might have been formed, but is now missing.

Description: Tube-shaped toilet bottle with the wide part in the middle, bulbous base; also known as: ‘long fusiform unguentarium’, with broken off mouth; basically colorless with yellow-green teint, bubbly and iridescent. Isings form: 105, p 126, similar to; without the rim.

Condition: Transparent light yellow-green glass in fine condition with plenty of iridescence, almost impossible to see through.

Remarks: C. Isings remarks about the glass of the fourth century: ‘unworked rims are very common even in table ware’. (Chapt. V, p 126). Part of a white content is still visible inside of the vessel and at the mouth; maybe the act of breaking off the rim did have a symbolic meaning to the ceremony and can be seen as an indication that the long, bone-like bottle was brought to the gathering in closed condition, before opening it during the cremation or rather at the burial? The meaning of the word fusiform gives a reference to the shape of a fish, ἰχθύς , ie the Christian religion.

According to Susan Auth: “The seemingly impractical shape of container was widely distributed in the late Roman empire. Perhaps its distinctive shape was used for a certain type of perfume or medicine?”

Harden, (Karanis p. 268) thinks it to be a Syrian type of origin. Sennequier calls it: “a type that frequently appears in the Rhine-area and in Gaule in the second half of the third century. The first examples though seem to appear in and come from the Orient in the second century.”

Reference: Calvi, Fiale fusiforme, gruppo B, no 325, p153, Tav. 24:5 and O:2 Auth. 1976, Newark Museum, 141, p 117. Sennequier, Musée Picardie Amiens, Dilly/Maheo, 235, 3rd. century.

 Provenance: Acquired in Cologne before 1960. From a private dutch collection, first publication.



Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on June 3, 2019

There is a small group of blue Roman 4th century glass jugs with unusual wishbone handles.  The most notable vessels in this group are head-shaped; they were blown in two-part molds.  The provenance of these jugs is known in only a few cases: one jug was found in Nubia, a few came from southern Russia, and a few came from Syria.  On the side of one of the jugs, a plaque stamped with a grotesque mask is attached.

The design of this wishbone handle is quite unique. The thick handle is attached half way down the neck then jutting out horizontally from neck, is pinched into a horizontal thumb-piece, descends to mid-body and then notched trailing runs down the side of the jug to the base.  The special handle, trail-wound base, and unworked rim are hallmarks of this group of jugs apparently manufactured in a single workshop.  Most of these jugs are blue. Some have globular bodies, while other are elongated.

The pictures shown are from various museums:

%d bloggers like this: