Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection

EARLY AMERICAN GLASS IN THE ALLAIRE GLASS COLLECTION

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on May 19, 2020

 EARLY AMERICAN GLASS 1700-1850

 

Glassmaking was America’s first industry. A glass workshop was established at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1608. Severe weather and unfavorable economic factors soon forced it to close and so did the efforts to establish glassworks in Salem in 1641 and in Philadelphia in 1682. The Dutch operated two glassworks in the 1650’s in New York (New Amsterdam at the time). We know very little about the glass made in these early glassworks.  Until the early 1700s, the colonists imported glass windows and table glass, as well as bottles, mostly from England. In 1739, Caspar Wistar founded the Colonies’ first successful glass company, which was located in southern New Jersey. This glassworks started producing bottles, window glass and tableware. Another successful early American glassmaker was Henry W Stiegel, who set up three glassworks in Lancaster County, west of Philadelphia. He made mostly bottles and window glass. A third early glassmaker was John F. Amelung, who bought a failed glasswork in Frederick County west of Baltimore around 1784 and called it the “New Bremen Glass Manufactory”. All of these early American ventures were opposed strongly by the British, and after a few years they failed. It was not until the end of Revolutionary War in 1783, followed by the war with Britain in 1812-1815 together with the trade embargo on British goods, that American glass manufacture really took off. Glassmaking in America increased during every decade of the 19th century. In the 1820s, the American invention of pressing made glass tableware, which had previously been purchased solely by the most prosperous citizens, affordable to middle-class households. In the mid-1800s, as American industry and prosperity increased, a taste developed for ornate styles and complex decorations. The above information was taken from these web sites. Corning Museum of Glass and Glass Encyclopedia.

American Glass in the Allaire Collection

57A American pitcher (Juno’s)

 

The collection is shown as types and not as a time line.

Pitkin Bottle 1788-1830

 

 

Pattern-molded Bottles 19th Century

 

Chestnut Bottles and Handled Whiskey Bottles 19th Century

 

Pitchers 19th Century

 

 

Salts, Bowls and Dishes c. 1765-1890

 

 

 

Wine Glasses and Strap Handled Mugs

 

 

Water and Whiskey Pattern-molded Tumblers c. 1850-1899

 

40A –

Fry glass 1916-1930

The Fry glass in our collection is the heat resistant borosilicate glass made by H. C. Fry Glass Company in Rochester, PA 1902-1930. This company made complete dinner sets, tea sets and a large variety of heat-resistant oven glassware from 1916 to 1930 under a license from the Corning Glass Works.

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One Response

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  1. wynkin said, on May 19, 2020 at 10:50 am

    Some interesting bottles and I had never seen the Fry glass before.


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