Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection

DOUBLE-BODIED JUGLET

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 31, 2021

ROMAN DOUBLE-BODIED GLASS JUGLET of Nico F. Bijnsdorp


Date: 2nd – 3rd century AD. Eastern Mediterranean.

Size: H= 9.0 cm. D max= 9.2 x 5.8 cm. D rim= 3.7 x 2.2 cm.

D base= 6.5 x 2.8 cm. Weight 74 gr.

Condition: Intact. Glossy. Some weathering.

Technique:  Free blown. Tooled. Handle applied.

Description: Transparent natural green glass with aquamarine tinge. Handle with reddish streaks.Two small bottles with spherical bodies,slightly concave bases and cylindrical necks were fused together by pressing the bodies and necks atone side to its counter part,slightly obliquely, resulting in one sloping shoulder and an opposite depressed shoulder. The necks tapering up ward to one rounded and one in folded rim, both flattened on top. Pontil mark at junction of the two bottoms. Handle of same glass with red streaks attached to shoulders and rims at join between the two bottles. Surface fire polished.

Remarks: This “oil and vinegar” jug was not a real novelty: double and even triple juglets of this type were rather common. They were always fashioned from more than one paraison and fused together while still hot.

Published: Groen & Rossum 2011, Romeins Glas uit particulier bezit, p. 59.tiek Glas 2001, video film Allard Pierson Museum.Sotheby’s 12 June 1997, No. 212.

Exhibited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), Romeins glas uit particulier bezit,29 April–28 August 2011, No. 72. Allard Pierson Museum, Amsterdam, de Kunst van het Vuur,17 May – 16 September 2001, No. 70.

References:Israeli 2003, Israel Museum, No. 209.Auth 1976, Newark Museum, No. 116.Cima & Tomei 2012, Vetri a Roma, No. 65.Sotheby’s 4/5 June 1979, Constable Maxwell Collection, No. 218.Sotheby’s 7 July 1994, Benzian Collection, No. 150.

KNOP, A COMPONENT OF A STEM USED FOR ORNAMENTATION AND STRUCTURE

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 28, 2021

KNOP STYLES

The Corning Museum of Glass defines a knop as: A component, usually bulbous, of the stem of a drinking glass, hollow or solid, used either singly or in groups, and placed contiguously or with intermediate spacing; also the finial at the center of a lid. For more information about knop styles see, An Illustrated Dictionary of Glass by Harold Newman, 1977 P.172.

Below you will see a variety of knop styles from the Allaire Collection and from the collection of Elisabeth and Theo Zandbergen. This link is to Elisabeth and Theo Zandbergen their blog page.

62E Spanish Glass Bottle 17th C with blue mellon knop

62E Blue Mellon Knop 17th Century

16E Beaded Knop 1740

16E Beaded Knop 1740

43E Merese and Knop 1690

43E Merese and Knop 1690

82E Hollow Knop 1750

82E Hollow Knop 1750

03E Flattened Ball Ribbed Knop over Hollow Inverted Baluster 19th Century

03E Flattened Ball Ribbed Knop over Hollow Inverted Baluster 19th Century

20E Inverted Baluster and Base Knop 1750

20E Inverted Baluster and Base Knop 1750

Facon de Venise Wine Glass from Elizabeth and Theo Zandbergen from northern Netherlands 17th Century. This fine wine glass has a so called rounded bucket bowl, see Bickerton, which is an almost cylindrical cup slightly, rounded of at the bottom. A bucket bowl is one of the rarer forms for this type of glass. The very large diameter foot is also quite typical for glasses from this period see also the glass with the two hollow knops. The cup set directly on a merese which on a second smaller merese and then attached to the top part of the pointed hollow knop. At the bottom part of the knop is again a small merese, followed by a short solid section connecting thru a flattened knop to the almost flat foot with turned in rim. The stem construction is a so called inverted baluster.

Facon de Venise Wine Glass from Elisabeth and Theo Zandbergen from northern Netherlands 17th Century. This fine wine glass has a so called rounded bucket bowl, see Bickerton, which is an almost cylindrical cup slightly, rounded of at the bottom. A bucket bowl is one of the rarer forms for this type of glass. The very large diameter foot is also quite typical for glasses from this period see also the glass with the two hollow knops. The cup set directly on a merese which on a second smaller merese and then attached to the top part of the pointed hollow knop. At the bottom part of the knop is again a small merese, followed by a short solid section connecting thru a flattened knop to the almost flat foot with turned in rim. The stem construction is a so called inverted baluster.

97E Knop with three Raspberry Prunts 1765

97E Knop with three Raspberry Prunts 1765

04E Bladed Knop 18th Century

04E Bladed Knop 18th Century

The Propellor knop from Elisabeth Theo Zandbergen collection.

The Propellor knop from Elisabeth Theo Zandbergen
collection.

ENGLISH GLASS TANKARD

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 25, 2021

17E Georgian Glass Half Pint Tankard of The Allaire Collection

Date: 1770 Height: 11.43cm, 4 ½ inches, Weight: 209.3g, 7.4 oz  Volume: 153ml 5.2 oz

Description: This English drinking vessel has a band of four threads below the rim, gadrooned base and single-loop combed handle. The vessel is slightly smaller then standard half pint and was used to drink a malt/hops type beer.

Reference: Eighteenth Century English Drinking Glasses L.M. Bickerton, Suffolk, 1986 # 816, 817

THE ROMAN GLASS TRULLA

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 22, 2021

THE BEAUTY OF THE GLASS TRULLAE

A Trulla (Latin) is a pan with a long horizontal handle.  Vessels of this type, made of both metal and glass, were widely used in the Roman world during the 1st century AD.  It has been suggested they were used for drinking, serving liquids in ritual ceremonies or perhaps even bathing. Found in the Western Empire.

The following links are for addition information on some of the above Trullae

3.4. The Windmill Collection of Roman Glass    6.Nico F. Bijnsdorp

The authenticity of this last vessel may be questionable.  It appears to be a composite of a 4th century Egyptian bowl with a handle of a Trulla applied at a later time.

Google Images

CYLINDRICAL ROMAN GLASS BOTTLE

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 19, 2021

 

CYLINDRICAL BOTTLE of Joop van der Groen

Roman Empire, Eastern Mediterranean │ Date: Late 1st century – 2nd century AD

Size: ↑ 17,0 cm; Ø max. 12,4 cm; Ø rim 7,5 cm. │ Weight: 437 gram

Technique: Mold-blown in an open mold. Neck and mouth free blown. Handle applied.
Classification: Isings (1957) form 51 a. Fleming (1999) type a for the handle.
Description: Transparent bluish-green glass. Cylindrical body with short cylindrical neck, rim folded outward, down, upward, and outward to form a collar. Shoulder slopes, with rounded edge. Wall tapers slightly and curves in the bottom; base plain, slightly concave on undersite; no pontil. Strap handle with twelve sharp ribs, applied into edge, drawn up and in, and attached to neck.
Condition: Intact with strong iridescence and with some encrustation
Remarks: A handle like this has been named “celery-handle”.
Through the interaction of liquid and pollutions in the ground glass is weathering and can get all colours of the rainbow.
Provenance: before 2005 in the private collection of Simon Spierer (1926 – 2005), Genève; he was an art dealer and patron of the arts.
Published: Romeins glas uit particulier bezit (J. van der Groen & H. van Rossum, 2011).
Exhibited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), “Romeins Glas, geleend uit particulier bezit”,
29 April – 28 August 2011, exp. no. 206
Reference: Ancient Glass of Asia Minor – The Yüksel Erimtan Collection (C. Lightfoot & M. Arslan, 1992), no. 18; Ancient Glass in the Israel Museum – The Eliahu Dobkin Collection and Other Gifts (Y. Israeli, 2003), no. 323; Ancient Glass in National Museums Scotland (C. Lightfoot, 2007), no. 180; Hôtel des Ventes d’Enghien, Enghien-les-Bains (Fr), Auction 22-05-2011, no. 8.

AMPHORA IN PROTECTIVE BASKET

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 16, 2021

AMPHORA IN PROTECTIVE BASKET of Nico F. Bijnsdorp

nfb 283

4th – 5th century AD. Egypt, possibly Coptic.
H = 16.0 cm. D max = 6.4cm. D rim = 5. cm. D base = 3.3 cm.

Condition: Amphora in perfect condition. Basket slightly damaged in two places.

Technique: Amphora free blown. Handles, thread, spout and foot applied. Basket in wickerwork, enforced by leather.

Description: Transparent olive-green glass. Basket pale and dark brown. The conical body of the amphora tapering to the bottom. Applied coil-foot with pontil mark. Sharp edge to shoulder, that is gently sloping to tubular neck with funnel mouth with infolded lip. One continuous trail, starting with one horizontal ring around the lower neck, then drawn up diagonally along the neck and ending in a second horizontal ring around the upper neck. Two opposed handles dropped onto the shoulder, arching to the neck and attached to the lower ring, where one handle ends but the other handle is further drawn up to end at the upper ring. A pointed, hollow spout is tooled on the shoulder.

Remarks: No unambiguous clarification could yet be given for the function of the spout and thus for the amphora itself. It has been suggested, that the amphora can be Coptic, since a similar object is exhibited in the Coptic Antiquities Room in The Louvre Museum in France. The clumsy way of placing and forming of the handles and the foot suggest, that this vessel was blown by a not very experienced glassblower.

Published: Slitine 2005, Histoire du Verre, L’Antiquité, p. 139.

Reference: No parallels could be found so far.

PEAR-SHAPED ROMAN GLASS JUG

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 13, 2021

PEAR-SHAPED JUG OR LAGOENA of Hans van Rossum

PEAR-SHAPED JUG OR LAGOENA

Date: 4th century AD | Eastern Mediterranean Size: ↑15.7 cm | ø 5.8 cm | Weight 70 g

Technique: Free blown, handle, trail and foot applied

Description: Transparent purple glass, handle of pale green glass. Elegant pear-shaped body, long narrow neck, funnel-shaped and rounded mouth, rim folded outward and downward creating a hollow flange. Flat ribbed, long angular handle, applied on the shoulder, drawn up and down to top part of neck, folded, drawn up and attached to edge of rim, with protuberance above rim; on neck a thin pale green glass thread wound downward counterclockwise with three revolutions. Applied pad base, slightly indented with rest of pontil.

Condition: Intact, excellent condition

Remarks: In Roman times the common name for this type of jug was lagoena. The name was used for a jug made of pottery, silver, bronze or glass with the following and specific characteristics: a narrow neck, a bellied body and one or two handles. (Hilgers 1969)

Provenance: Collection C.A. Hessing, Laren (NL) 1998, formed in the 1990s, collection number 71
Amsterdam art market, Fridès Lameris 1993

Published: Vormen uit Vuur no. 220 (2013), p. 19, Antiek Glas, de Kunst van het Vuur, R. van Beek no. 58

Exhibited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), Romeins Glas, geleend uit particulier bezit, exp. no. 75
29 April – 28 August 2011, Museum Simon van Gijn Dordrecht (NL), February 2004, Allard Pierson Museum Amsterdam (NL), de Kunst van het Vuur, exp. no. 58, 17 May – 16 September 2001

Reference: Ancient Glass in the Hermitage Collection, N. Kunina no. 399
Katalog der römischen Gläser des Rheinischen Landesmuseums Trier, K. Goethert-Polaschek nos. 1316-17,  Roman Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass -Vol. III, D. Whitehouse no. 1187, Les Verres Antiques du Musée du Louvre II, V. Arveiller-Dulong & M.D. Nenna no. 1027

Three Facon De Venise Wine Glasses from France

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 10, 2021

Three Facon De Venise Wine Glasses from France

of The Allaire Collection

77E: Facon de Venise wine goblet (verre de fougere – Fern Glass) was probably made France. The glass has a straw tint and a pattern-molded bowl on a hollow stem with faint diagonal ribs.

76E: Facon de Venise wine goblet (verre de fougere – Fern Glass) was probably made in France. The glass has a straw tint and a conical pattern-molded bowl with a hollow stem.

68E: Facon de Venise goblet (verre de fougere – Fern Glass) was probably made in France. The glass is of straw tint with a pattern-molded bowl and an elongated inverted baluster hollow stem.

Date for all: Early 18th Century

References: 1. Beyond Venice: Glass in Venetian Stye 1500-1750, Jutta Annette Page, page163 (see this reference below),  2. The Van Beek Collection, Lameris, #37, 38 (see this reference below) 3. The Collection Engels-De Lange, Lameris # 58,

Remarks: Verre de Fougère is a sub-type of Façon de Venise glass from France and refers to glass made using fern-ash as a flux. The ash can give a specific “smoky”, brownish, ginger or sandy coloring to the glass. For additional information on VENETIAN & FAÇON de VENISE GLASS (click on this active link)

Remarks II: The fashion for Venetian glass ended in the late 17th century with the advent of new types of glass (lead crystal) discovered in England and Bohemia. The qualities of these new materials, were its brilliance and clarity especially those of the English lead glass.  The new glass captivated the wealthier French public. In more modest homes, the locally made verre de pivette gained popularity. A final reason for the decline of Venetian-style glass in France at the beginning of the 18th century was the developing fashion for pivette drinking glasses, blown of very light verre de fougrer.  These new vessels, which were often represented by such painters as Chardin’s 1728 painting The Buffet, were considered to be more suitable than Venetian glass for the drinking of wine.  Above paraphrased from Beyond Venice: Glass in Venetian Stye 1500-1750, Jutta Annette Page, The Corning Museum of Glass, 2004

 

The Fern glasses are shown in the picture below on the left hand side of the table.

Chardin’s 1728 painting The Buffet, now in the Louvre

Reference 1

60.3.16, 58.3.174, 79.3.550 found in Beyond Venice: Glass in Venetian Stye 1500-1750, Jutta Annette Page, page163 In the Corning Museum of Glass

Clear bubbly thin glass with yellow tinge; free-blown and pattern-molded. Flat foot with rough pontil mark and concentric tool marks; slender hollow stem with swelling at upper section, funnel bowl; on the lower bowl a faint pattern with a band of “diamonds” or dots (three rows) above vertical ribs; faint swirling ribs on stem.

Reference 2

The Van Beek Collection, Lameris, #37, 38

#37 Early 18th C H: 13.5 cm, bowl 7.4 cm, foot 7.0 cm

Wine glass with rounded funnel bowl. Mould-blown bowl with honeycomb pattern above sixteen ribs Hollow mould-blown cigar-shaped stem. Light conical foot.

#38 Early 18th C H: 12.0 cm, bowl 6.1 cm, foot 6.5 cm

Wine glass with rounded funnel bowl. Mould-blown bowl with honeycomb pattern above eighteen ribs Hollow mould-blown stem in the form off an elongated baluster with diagonal ribe. Light conical foot.

For more information on French fern glass see the essay by Anna Lameris in The Van Beek Collection, 2015 p 98-99

 

 

 

 

ROMAN GLASS SPRINKLER BOTTLE

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 7, 2021

SPRINKLER BOTTLE of Hans van Rossum

Date: 3rd century A.D. | Eastern Mediterranean Size:↑13.2 cm | ø 8.2 cm | Weight 96 g

 

Technique: Pattern-blown, neck and rim free blown; tooled, handles applied

Classification: Kisa 1908: Band II nr. 10, p. 317 for the type of the handles

Condition: Intact, some slight weathering

Description: Transparent bluish-green glass, globular body, indented base, pontil mark. Cylindrical neck with flaring rim, turned in. At meeting point of shoulder and neck an inner diaphragm to make a sprinkler of the bottle. Mold-blown, body decorated with swirling ribs curving from upper left to lower right. Two handles applied on the shoulder, drawn up and attached to the edge of the rim, folded up to make a thumb-rest and reattached to the upper part of the rim, rest of glass coil folded backwards.

Provenance: Ex private  collection USA, acquired during the late 1970s

Published: Romeins Glas uit particulier bezit, J. van der Groen & H. van Rossum 2011 (front) Museumtijdschrift no. 4, June – July 2011, p. 28 Sotheby’s New York, auction 31 May 1997 lot 17

Exhibited:Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), Romeins Glas, geleend uit particulier bezit, exp. no. 154 29 April – 28 August 2011Museum Simon van Gijn Dordrecht, February 2004

References: Arte Primitivo, auction Classical and Asian Antiquities, January 2003 lot 254 The Barakat Gallery, a Catalogue of the Collection 1984 no. G102, p. 116

SMALL SILVERY ROMAN GLASS UNGUENTARIUM

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 4, 2021

 

07R SMALL SILVERY ROMAN UNGUENTARIUM of The Allaire Collection

                                     Date: 1-2 century Size: H: 6 cm Rim D: 1.75 cm From: Syria

Description: This small unguentarium has a slender bulbous body with an everted rounded rim. The short tubular neck, which is one fifth of the total height, and has a slight constriction. The rounded base has no pontil mark and cannot stand alone. Originally the vessel was clear green glass which has weathered naturally to a beautiful silvery iridescence covering the entire inside.

Remarks: During the first and second centuries a large group of simple bottles like this example developed from the early “tear drop” shape.  Most of these unguentaria have a much longer neck and were thought to be used in Roman religious burial ceremonies.

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