Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on September 30, 2021

Islamic Glass Medallion With Simurgh And Rider


The Augustinus Collection of Ancient Glass

Size: Ø: 6.85 cm | Thickness: 2.5/1.98 cm| Ø Knob backside : 2.0  cm| Weight: 80 g.|

Technique: Almost round, or roughly elliptical, black glass medallion pressed in prominent relief. On the front side a horse-like animal with rider, progressing to the left; on the backside, in eccentric position, a knob or extension to place the roundel in a stucco wall piece, window or glass tile panel*; also four separate symbolic figures are pressed in circular position.

Description:  Islamic glass medallion of medieval times, with Simurgh and Rider formed by means of pressing the glass in a mold. A male rider in tunic and with turban – probably a knight – holds with his left arm a bag over his left shoulder. A musical instrument is also a possibility. The center of his body holds a circular depression to the level of the background. The edge of the roundel on front-side has a white residue, probably plaster, all around. The Simurgh is walking to the left, the head bowed down, with half-open beak, short horn on the forehead, ears pointed backwards, the tail is pointing strongly upwards. The body similar to a horse has legs with hoofs that are split in three.

Condition: In very good condition and in sharp relief; with some remnants of plaster all around the edge, almost no weathering or iridescence. Four vaguely impressed symbols of animals like birds, or Simurgh again, on backside.

Remarks: * Some seventy medallions are known from museum and private collections. They vary in measurement from four to ten centimeters and in a variety of colors from black to yellow green.

Literature: David Whitehouse, Stefano Carboni, Robert Brill and William Gudenrath in:

Glass of  the Sultans, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY, 2002.

Sassanian and Post-Sassanian Glass, The Corning Museum of Glass, NY, 2005.

Provenance: From a private Dutch collection, previously unpublished, said to originate from a British-Palestinian collection in Jerusalem, formed in the late nineteen twenties.


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on September 27, 2021

Two appealing cups; Two different periods

125E, 61R

125E of The Allaire Collection Merovingian Beaker with Festoons

Description: Pale bluish-green glass beaker was shaped by blowing into an open mold.  The decoration features self-trails applied and tooled into a festoon pattern, a common design used on glass vessels of the Migration Period.  At the rim a slight flare is present with a cracked-off edge. Intact, some weathering.  In the collection there is another beaker like this one with a larger bowl. i See it below and at #124E(active link).

Date: 5th C. AD

Size: H 6.0 cm, D 9.5 cm

Ref: Hans Cohn Collection #111, Vaudour-Memoires de Verre de L’Archeologie a L’Art Contemporain, Catherine Vaudour, 2009 #67, and #68, Price-Glass in Britain and Ireland AD 350-1100, Edited by Jennifer Price, British Museum Occasional Paper# 1272000 p. 201 Colour Pl. 1

61R of The Allaire Collection Roman Acetabulum Cup

Remarks: Romans often drank a mixture of vinegar and water and had a special container for this called an acetabulum. This is from the Latin acetum (vinegar) and abulum the suffix denoting a small vessel.   Today the word is used only as a medical term to describe the cup-like shape in your hip that the thigh bone sits in. Usually made of pottery, some in the first Century, as in this example were made of glass and often found in Italian graves.

Diameter: 6 cm

Date: First Century AD

cf: Roman Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass Vol. I, David Whitehouse, 1997 #125


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on September 24, 2021




Roman Empire, Eastern Mediterranean │ 1st century AD
Size: ↑ 5,2 cm; Ø max. 3,9 cm; Ø rim 1,6 cm. │ Weight: 13 gram

Technique: Free blown. Tooled.
Classification: Vessberg (1956) flask type A.III.y
Description: Transparent dark purple glass. Body with globular sides. Conical shoulder with bulging sides. Cylindrical neck with constriction at bottom. Rim folded outward, upward and inward. Flat base, slightly indented. No pontil mark.
Condition: Intact.
Remarks: These small, typical formed perfume bottles have been made in glass of many different colours, for example in bluish-green, grayisch-green, cobaltblue, purple, amber and colourless glass.
The basic colour of Roman glass is bluish-green. This has been caused because sand (the main element for making raw glass) has been polluted by iron oxide. By addition of some percents manganese oxide in the raw glass the colour changed into purple / aubergine.
Provenance: 2006 Jürgen Haering Galerie am Museum, Freiburg (Germany).
Reference: De Constable-Maxwell Collection of Ancient Glass – The Property of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Constable-Maxwell (Sotheby, Parke Bernet, 1979), no. 87; Ancient Glass – The Bomford Collection of Pre-Roman & Roman Glass on loan to the City of Bristol Museum & Art Gallery (N. Thomas, 1976), no. 55; Glas der Antike – Kestner-Museum Hannover (U. Liepmann, 1982), no. 63; Roman Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass – Vol. I (D. Whitehouse, 1997), no. 248; The Fascinating of Ancient Glass – Dolf Schut Collection (M. Newby & D. Schut, 1999), no. 61; A collection of Ancient Glass 500 BC – 500 AD (P. Arts, 2000), no. 28; Vetri Antichi del Museo Archeologico di Udine (M. Buora, 2004), no. 33; Les Verres Antiques du Musée du Louvre II (V. Arveiller-Dulong & M-D. Nenna, 2005), no. 838; Vetri Antichi del Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Aquileia – Balsamari, olle e pissidi (L. Mandruzzato & A. Marcante, 2007), no. 224.


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on September 21, 2021




Date: Late 1st century – 2nd century AD | Origin:Roman Empire, probably Asia Minor

Size↑25.0 cm | ø 9.0 cm | Weight 374 g

Technique: Body mold-blown in a full-size and conical mold. Neck and mouth free blown.                         Handle applied, tooled.

Classification:  Isings 1957 form 51b | Fleming 1999 handle type c. MS 5128

Description: Transparent yellowish brown glass. Cylindrical body and short cylindrical neck; rim          folded outward, down, upward, and outward to form a collar with a horizontal ledge. Shoulder slopes, with rounded edge; wall tapers slightly and curves in at bottom; base plain, slightly concave on underside; no pontil. Strap handle with four ribs, applied onto edge, drawn up and in, and attached immediately below rim, with excess glass pulled down neck.

Condition: Intact, some slightly weathering

Remarks: The glass blower has used a smooth-walled mold, which facilitated mass production.  The collar rim with a ledge is an eastern Mediterranean feature, although it is not common     in Palestine, Syria or Egypt. Finds appear to be concentrated farther north, in Cyprus, Asia Minor, Greece and on the coasts of the Black Sea. Cylindrical bottles with a collar rim have an even wider distribution including North Africa. The outline of the rim has parallels in pottery and metal vessels from Pergamon, a circumstance that has led to the hypothesis that the collar rim might be a Pergamene speciality and that the workshop or workshops producing this type of rim may have been located in that area.

Provenance: Art market New York 2010 Private collection, Florida (USA)

Reference: Ancient Glass in National Museums Scotland, C. S. Lightfoot no. 181, Römische Kleinkunst, Sammlung Karl Löffler, P. La Baume no. 99, Tafel 12, Ancient Glass in the Hermitage Collection, N. Kunina nos. 235 – 237,  Kunst der Antike, Galerie Günter Puhze, Katalog 16-2002 no. 240



Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on September 18, 2021

Early American Glass Patty Pans in The Allaire Glass Collection

These pans or bowls were essentially molds used for serving either butter or savory jellies, such as calves shin jelly, pigs shin jelly and salted bone marrow and other delicious comestibles that required to be set. Sweet jellies would be served in jelly glasses. The name ‘patty pan’ can be traced back to sweet and savory pies called Petites Pates. These were quite popular in during the 17th century.

04A This is a mold blown colorless leaded patty pan with folded rim. Height: 1 7/8 inches Date: Early 19th C.
27A Paneled patty pan or bowl. This blown object has twelve panels and a folded rim. Height: 5 1/2 inches Date: 1825-185

72A Patty pan or bowl has been blown in a mold whose interior has a raised pattern so that the glass object shows the pattern with a concavity on the inside underlying the convexity of the outside. It has an outward folded rim and a rough pontil. Date: 1825-1850 Dia: 6 inches Height: 1 1/8 inches


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on September 14, 2021

ANGLO-SAXON GLASS FROM THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES This object was found in the region around Cambridge at a construction site. It is remarkable that it was not damage. It is now in the Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Cambridge, UK.

Merovingian/Anglo-Saxons glass beaker 6-7th C. Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Cambridge, UK

Below are active links on this blog site to The British Museum collection of Roman and Merovingian/Anglo-Saxons glass. Museum or Archaeology and Anthropology Cambridge UK. and additional information on these subjects.





Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on September 9, 2021


Late 1st century- early 2nd century A.D. |Western part of Roman Empire, Size↑19.1 cm | ø 6.3 cm | Weight 122 g

Technique: Body, blown in a full-size open and conical mold. Neck and mouth free blown, wheel-engraving. Handle applied.

Classification: Fleming 1999: handle type a. 86-35-27 | Isings 1957: Form 51b

Condition: Intact, some light weathering; perfect condition

Description: A tall thin-walled bottle of transparent pale green almost colorless glass. High cylindrical body, slightly hollowed base and rounded shoulder. Cylindrical neck tapering upward to a funnel mouth with rounded lip, a coil trailed around and just under the flaring rim. The body decorated with four horizontal wheel-cut bands each comprising many fine lines, two bands with a height of 0.5 cm and between them a band with a height of 1.3 cm and one of 1.5 cm. Broad angular green ribbed handle  (14 narrow ribs), flat on inner-side, applied to shoulder and attached to underside rim at right angles, downward and attached to neck in an inner side fold. Small rest of pontil.

Remarks: Originally a utilitarian storage vessel, this one-handled cylindrical bottle. This form occurs in two basic shapes; a squat version that was equally practical for liquids and solids, and a tall version that was probably used only for liquids. (Stern 2001) This bottle is made of very thin glass, that in combination with the fine ribbed handle justify a dating in the late first to early second century AD. The use of thin glass is a specific characteristic for this period. It is almost certain that the cylindrical form of the body is created by blowing the glass into a conical and open mold, which facilitated mass production.

Provenance: Hȏtel des Ventes Swiss, auction 10 March 2010 lot 666 Formerly part of the collection of Simon Spierer (1926 – 2005), Swiss art dealer

Exhibited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), Romeins Glas, geleend uit particulier bezit, exposition no. 210 29 April – 28 August 2011

ReferencesKunst der Antike – Galerie Günter Puhze Katalog 19 – 2005 cat. no. 171, Verres Antiques et de l’Islam, Ancienne Collection de Monsieur D(emeulenaere), G. Loudmer & A. – M. Kevorkian 3 & 4 Juin 1985 lot. 275, Glass of the Roman Empire, an exhibition of Glass from the Roman Empire, Sheppard & Cooper Ltd. 1977 no. 12, Ancient Glass at the Newark Museum, S. H. Auth 1976 no. 132, inv. no. 50.1619, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; accession number 17.194.327 (Dating late Roman)


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on September 6, 2021

The American Pitkin Flask in Allaire Collection


pitkins Rear row A8MW A39MW A7NE Front row A19MW A43NE



Pitkin Flask: Small bottle of green glass in an ovoid and flattened shape made by the “Half-Post Method”. In this method a gather of glass called a post is put back in the POT and a second gather is put on it so it covers about half of the post. It is then put in a vertical ribbed pattern mold and partly expanded and removed from the mold then swirled right or left. Also there are types in which the ribs are left it the vertical position. In the case of the popcorn Pitkin it is put in the mold a second time vertical ribs are put over swirled ribs call a broken swirl double pattern. Then the flask is expanded to the ovoid and flattened shape.

Originally these flasks were made in The Pitkin Glass Works in Manchester,CT (1788-1830). They were made later in other parts of New England and in the Midwest (e. g. Zanesville, Ohio 1810-1830). Today they are classified as being New England Pitkins or Midwestern Pitkins. You can usually tell the difference by counting the ribs. The New England is 36 ribs and Midwestern 16 ribs. In addition to various shades of green they can be found in amber, blue (rare), amethyst (rare) and colorless glass. The flask came in two main sizes half pint and pint, used as a pocket flask for whiskey.

Ref: Spillman II #46

Front row A 19, A 43, Rear row A8, A39, A7



Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on September 1, 2021

Venetian Covered Bowl with Gilded Masks And Prunts

of the Henk-Martin Goldschmidt collection

Origin: Venice, Italy Date: late 17th century

Description: Two handled bowl with cover and pushed-in bottom with pontil mark. The bowl has four small prunes and two masks. The handles have 16 small and 1 large lip (pressed together with the flat-nose pliers to form semicircular discs) each. The cover has four small prunes and two masks. The masks (mascarons) and three of the prunes carry traces of gold. A round knob enables the handling of the cover. The cover fits the bowl well but not tight. The masks depict neither lions nor human heads. No V-shaped frown on forehead is seen; they resemble more the image of masks.

Condition: intact, most of the gilding is missing

Dimensions:   Height bowl 7,0 cm, diameter mouth 8,1 cm, diameter foot 6,0 cm, diameter corpus 12,0 cm including the handles, weight 70 gram, capacity 251 ml, lightness ratio 3.6 (volume in ml divided by weight in gram as a measure of the lightness of the glass). Height cover 5,7 cm, diameter mouth 6,5 cm, diameter corpus 8,5 cm, weight 55 gram.

Origin: Venice, although different sources argue between various origin sites. For instance CMOG states ‘possibly Italy, possibly Belgium’, while Korf de Gidts states ‘made either in Antwerp or in Soop’s glasshouse in Amsterdam’ and Laméris on multiple locations ‘Venice’. On top of that the same sources all mention various periods: Corning “about 1500 – 1599”, Korf de Gidts “early 17th century” while Laméris states “second half 17th century” and later, after consultation of the castle Rosenborg images, proposes “early 18th century”.  

From my point of view I support the version that this was made in Venice in the late 17th century. The delicacy of both product and design do point towards Venice as the origin. And the lightness ratio points also strongly suggest a Venetian origin. The glass is extremely clear and thin and, of course the fact that this type was bought by King Frederik IV of Denmark himself on Murano, Venice in 1709, support the timeframe mentioned as well.

Additional information: The application of gold was quiet common. However the process needed special attention and was risk full: the gold was temporarily glued to the cold surface of the glass. The temperature was raised and a fusion between gold and glass was accomplished. With this object no second glass layer was applied, as is sometimes the case.

    On the left a mask from the bowl and on the right from the cover, with traces of gold.

Parallels: due to the presence of many comparable objects, one can conclude that this is a relatively standard design. For instance almost identical objects: Corning Museum of Glass (accession number 65.3.105), Korf de Gidts in Glass historical Magazine ‘De Oude Flesch, 137 (2014), 4-15, Laméris, Collection Engels-de Lange, number 47 (2015), 78-79. In the first of the four books Bichierografia from Maggi, the first drawing shows a great similarity. But also in Rosenborg castle, Boesen (numbers 6,7,9,12,13) as well as Theuerkauff-Liederwald (number 85) describe and show objects with similar characteristics regarding masks, gilded raspberry prunts, rims, ears, size, foot ring, ball knop, build-up and suchlike. Museum Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam has a similar beaker from Antwerp dated 1550 – 1600.  But also Museo Civico Christiano, Brescia and Museo Civico di Torino (number 56) house covered bowls with resembling features.

Provenance: acquired May 2018 from Laméris, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Discussion: a definite need for none-invasive physical chemical analysis including standardization to facilitate proper origin and period determination. The paper of Michel Hulst and Jerzy Kunicki-Goldfinger is an excellent start of such approach.


–  Summary of Peter Korf de Gidts lecture at the Minneapolis Institute of Art entitled ‘Venetian Glass and the development of Façon de Venice Glass in Amsterdam and Northern Europe’, Johan Soetens, Glass historical Magazine ‘De Oude Flesch, 137 (2014), 4-15

–  Gold Leaf, Paint and Glass, Frances Federer, foreword by William Gudenrath, Thomas Publications, London, 2012,

–  Gudmund Boesen, Venetian glass at Rosenborg castle, Kopenhagen 1960

–  Frides en Kitty Laméris, Venetiaans en Façon de Venise glas, 1500-1700, Amsterdam, number 41, 1991, page 71

–  Anna en Kitty Laméris, Op ien kusjen aen weerszijen, De collectie Engels-de Lange, Frides Laméris Kunst en Antiek, Amsterdam 2015

–  Anna-Elisabeth Theuerkauff-Liederwald, Venezianisches Glas der Veste Coburg, Die Sammlung Herzog Alfreds von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1844-1900), Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg Luca Verlag Lingen 1994

–  Venetianske Glas Rosenborg, Mogens Bencard, Jorgen Hein, Rosenborg, number 30 and 135, 1984, pages 6, 61, 83, 88

–  Glasses with masks and lion head stems from Amsterdam’s soil, Michel Hulst, Magazin ‘Vormen uit vuur’, 221 (2013) 20-39

–  The Golden age of Amsterdam Glass. A chemical and typological approach to recognize Amsterdam 17th century glass production, Michel Hulst, Jerzy J Kunicki-Goldfinger in AIHV Annales 20th congress Fribourg, September 2015, pages 547-553

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