The master-glassmaker Ennion worked from about A.D. 30-70. His signature is known from fifty to fifty five surviving pieces, and many other works are attributed to him on the basis of style. He reportedly created the technique of mold-blowing glass vessels. Mold blowing: Inflating a parison of hot glass in a mold. The glass is forced against the inner surfaces of the mold and assumes its shape, together with any decoration that it bears. This new process allowed the vessel to be decorated as it was formed and permitted the creation of multiple copies of the same vessel. Ennion’s clear, precise designs distinguish his work; he also minimized the visibility of the lines caused by the seams in the mold. Sometimes Ennion’s marketing genius is overlooked for he was one of the first artists to develop a brand name, “Ennion Made Me”. The location of Ennion’s workshop is debated, in part because his work is found throughout the Roman Empire. Some scholars believe he worked in Sidon located in modern Lebanon, and later moved to northern Italy. The inscriptions he frequently used as decoration may provide a clue. Though his name may have been Semitic in origin, he signed it in Greek, the language of the eastern Mediterranean, not Italy. The city of Sidon, where he may have worked, had all the raw material for glass-making and extensive trade connections. The Metropolitan Museum of Art is currently having an exhibition on Ennion’s Roman glass through April 13, 2015. This link will take you to The Metropolitan Museum of Art web page on the show and the second link is to the exhibition catalog: Ennion Master of Roman Glass. Catalog review by Hans van Rossum. The show will then move to Corning Museum of Glass May 16, 2015 to January 4, 2016. Below are pictures of Ennion objects from collections and art museums around the world. Click on the pictures to enlarge them.
Ennion, indeed it was THE Master of Roman Glass!!
As a MA Art History with specialization: Roman Glass I have a library with about 200 books about Ancient and Roman Glass but to read this book about the Glass master Ennion and the products he could blow in the first century AD is really fasicinating! Compliments for the excellent research, the articles of Christopher Lightfoot, Karol Wight and all the other writers. When one is interested in Ancient or Roman Glass, you have to go to the exhibition but if you are not in a position to do so you absolutely need to buy this book.
Hans van Rossum