Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection

**JAMES PETER ALLAIRE

James Peter Allaire: 1785-1858, U.S. engineer and business man, of French Huguenot descent. Owner of a New York brass foundry, he leased Robert Fulton’s New Jersey engine shop on 1815 and transferred its business to area around South Street Seaport in lower Manhattan, New York City in 1816. Here he set up the city’s first steam-engine plant, where the first compound marine engines in the world were built. As his business grew and production increased, so did Allaire’s need for raw materials which, in his case, was primarily iron. At the time, the United Kingdom was the largest manufacturer and exporter of iron in the world, but, as a result of the war of 1812, high ad velum tariffs had been placed on the British commodity. This led him to purchase the Howell Works Property In 1822 a small forge on the upper fringes of the New Jersey Pine Barrens now in Monmouth County. Over the next few years, Allaire would make many improvements to the furnace complex site to produce iron for his New York foundry, repairing existing buildings and constructing new ones. The isolation of the site also forced him to consider the development of a self-sufficient community, one that would eventually include a blacksmith shop, carpenter shop, bakery and grist mill, a boarding house, larger homes for workers and their families, mills and factories, a school and church and a general store. It is today the Historic Village in Allaire State Park a non-profit, living history museum set in 1836. additional information

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