ROEMER TYPE WINE AND BEER GLASSES FROM THE 16TH CENTURY TO PRESENT
Roemers (Dutch) or Römer (German) are a type of wine and beer glass that evolved in the Rhineland and the Netherlands from the 17th Century. They have their roots in the Waldglas particularly the Berkemeyer, Krautstrunk and Nuppenbecher of the later Middle Ages which were produced in northern Germany, the Low Countries and central Europe. The Roemer style glass is still being produced today.
The forerunners of the Roemer were made in the 15th C as short beakers with an inverted conical shape bowl attached to an open stem decorated with pulled drops or prunts. These are called Berkemeyers. Over time the glass on these vessels became thinner and the bowls developed into a hemispherical shape on a wider hollow base decorated with pulled or flatten prunts. In the early 16th C this truly became an early Roemer when a foot was added formed by a trailed thread wound round a conical core.
The following examples are all from the Allaire Collection and are arranged more or less in chronological order. Things to look for in these examples are: bowl shapes, stems open or solid, prunts pulled, flatten or raspberry, engraving, and finally the type of foot. Below these pictures there are additional notes taken from Henkes-Glass Without Gloss, Utility glass from five Centuries excavated in the low countries 1300-1800. Harold E. Henkes, 1994 on factors on how to determent the age of a roemer.
Notes from Henkes book
* Roemers which have a convex bowl came into use before 1600.
* Until shortly before 1650 both berkemeyers and roemers retained pointed prunts.
* Raspberry prunts had been made prior to 1600.
* With few exceptions berkemeyers retained pointed prunts.
* Pincered notch foot rings used for all types disappeared before the mid 17th C (1650) being replaced by fused coil thread.
* Roemers with an egg-shaped bowl and coil foot became popular by 1600-1650.