Romans often drank a mixture of vinegar and water and had a special container for this called an acetabulum. This is from the Latin acetum (vinegar) and abulum the suffix denoting a small vessel. Today the word is used only as a medical term to describe the cup-like shape in your hip that the thigh bone sits in. Usually made of pottery, some in the first Century, as in this example were made of glass and often found in Italian graves.
C: 6 cm
Date: First Century AD
cf: Whitehouse, 1997 #125
Bottle with Chain Decoration
This green glass flask is unusual due to the elaborate chain decoration, a late Roman motif, which was transitional into the early Islamic styling. The bottle was made by blowing molten glass into the vessel shape, applying trails which were then pinched to forming the chain decoration. The neck of the vessel is rather elongated giving way to a wide funnel mouth topped by a thick rounded rim.
H: 13.3 cm
Date: 5th-6th Century Late Roman Period
Pittsburg # 190, Luzern # 448, Paris# 513
This light green bulbous cup has a single handle ending in a thumb rest at the rim. A fine trail circles the neck and the rounded body has a flat base.
H: 9 cm
A large flask in a bluish-green color has a globular body with a flattened base. The straight cylindrical neck ends with a small inward-folded collar rim. The body is decorated with five wheel-cut bands of alternating widths. A thin layer of iridescence is scattered over the piece. A tiny strain crack appears inside the neck, otherwise it is intact. The bottle may be from Asia Minor modern Turkey.
H: 12.5 cm
Const. Max. # 125, Hayes 1975 # 146, Baracat # GF90,G04
It is from the earlier glass core-form and pottery shapes prior to the First Century that this vessel takes its shape. The ancient aryballos was a popular shape and copied widely after glass blowing was invented. This example was beautifully executed using auberegine glass with delicate blue handles and was used as a container for perfume.
H: 8 cm
Oppenlander #541, Royal Ontario #122
This symmetrical honey-colored jar was used for storage. It has a thin self trailing wound around the body with a folded collar-like rim.
H: 8.5 cm
Field Museum #87
This perfume dropper flask was blown into a two part mold with a distinct lattice pattern. The globular body has a flattened base, short neck with a restriction where it meets the body and sharply flaring mouth. Just below the rim is a narrow folded flange. The brilliant iridescence of this piece greatly enhances its beauty.
H: 10 cm
Kofler coll. 1985 #45, Barakat # G30& G31,Hayes 1975 #280, Oliver 1980 # 206
This bottle is olive green; the globular body has a flattened and indented base. The tall neck is decorated with a ruffled collar similar to flasks made in Egypt. This bottle may be from the crossover time between Roman and Islamic periods.
Late Fifth or Sixth Century
Hayes 1975 #402 & 403, Oliver 1980 #203, Auth 1976 #118, A.P.C. #N-63
Unguentaria or “tear bottles” are among the most common containers found in Roman blown glass. The example shown here has all of the characteristics of this type of glass bottle. The deep blue-green color and lovely interior iridescence adds beauty to this common type. It was thought to be used in the burial practices of ancient Romans.
H: 11.5 cm
Late First Century A.D.
Auth 1976 #134, Hayes 1975 # 663, Matheson1980 #80, Kofler Collections #124, Oliver 1980 #89
Small Dark Green Bottle
This precisely shaped globular bottle was probably used for perfume or bath oil. Its delicate proportion and intense dark green color make it a fine example.