Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on August 24, 2019

Bell Beaker

Cone Beaker

The Allaire Collection 60E Merovingian cone cone shaped beaker Late 5th to first half of 6th century

Trailed Beaker

127E Allaire collection Merovingian beaker with looped trailing

Festooned Beaker

124E Allaire Collection Merovingian beaker

125E Allaire Collection Smaller Merovingian Beaker


For additional information on each the above beakers click on their corresponding number. (51E) (54E) (60E) (90E) (112E) (116E) (117E) (124E) (125E) (127E)


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on August 21, 2019

Two Beautiful Glass Pitchers in the Allaire Collection

(63A) This Midwestern free blown blue glass pitcher with an applied high handle.  H: 4 ½ inches, D: 1849 H: 9 cm


(88E) This small amethyst pitcher having an optically molded body and perfectly laid on delicate thin handle.

H: 9 cm, D: 1780


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on August 17, 2019


The Augustinus Collection of Ancient Glass

AcoaG # 22.1 Side view


4th. Century A.D.  Probably about 325-375

Variation to the so called Kowalk-glass

Isings form: 96b, Morin Jean form: 70 |

 ↑ 6.9 cm | Ø Mouth : 12.5-13 cm | Ø mid body: 9.5 cm | Ø Base facet: 3.2 cm| W: 295 g |

Technique: Formed in a mold, wheel cut incised, ground and polished; rim tooled and rounded off. The inside of the bowl is polished to a finer grain than the outside. The facets show the roughest surface.

Description: Bell-shaped bowl, handheld beaker or lamp. Transparent pale green thick glass, formed in a mold to a hemispherical shape; wide out splayed rim; wall and base decorated with 22 abraded facets in total. At the rim one cut line and below that, at a distance of 1.0 cm, three cut lines. One series of 13 round, almost oval, facets (2.0-2.2 cm) of which one facet is smaller (1.5-1.9 cm), below that a second series of 8 round facets (2.0-2.1 cm), finally at the base one large facet (3.2 cm.), slightly eccentric in position. The facets, that are adequate to hold the grip, are at some edges vaguely or unevenly abraded, but stand straight in line and are a wonderful example of craftsmanship, as stated by many scholars: this bowl-shaped Kowalk glass is exceptional.

Condition: Complete, repaired from two circularly broken parts by Restaura Haelen/Heerlen (NL). Scratched, with some pitting, some weathering, some horizontally squeezed bubbles near the rim. Two very small parts missing from the rim. The bowl did not undergo cleaning and is in semi-translucent condition.

Remarks:  Variation to the so called Kowalk-glass, named after a site of find in Poland. This version is a bowl instead of a beaker. (See Whitehouse, Lierke and Sjternquist.)

Anton Kisa calls the bowl-type with ovals rare: ‘Beakers (rarely bowls) with ground ovals or facets.’ He, and Oscar Almgren, discuss the bowls in the chapter: Finds of Ancient Glass in Scandinavia. ( Vol. III, Ch. XI.5).

According to C.Isings, form 96b, p 114-115: ‘Wheel-cut or wheel-incised bowls with facet patterns, coming, among others, from Strasbourg and Amiens, plus from scandinavian finds at Ganzkow, Sigerstad, Skørringen and Himlingöje.’

  1. Doppelfeld brings up the thought, that: ‘From such a regular grit it is a small step to the mazes of the Cage-cups.’

Also F. Fremersdorf, 1967, Vol. VIII, states at p 16: ‘And if we come to have a closer look at the geometrical decorations of the tall bell-shaped beakers, so we come to the conclusion that there must have been some kind of influence from or a correlation to the cage-cups.

According to Whitehouse the findplaces fall into two broad groups: ‘the first is in south-eastern Europe, Hungary, Rumania, and Ukraïne, and the second is in north-western Europe, Norway, Sweden Denmark, and northern Germany.’ The majority of find-places is outside of the Roman Empire.

Regarded as a lamp the outsplayed rim forms an excellent possibility to hang it with a bronze chain device, while the facets create a wonderful display of circular shapes around the room or on a table. As Rosemarie Lierke calls it:, ‘Light breaking ground facet-decoration’, suggesting these bowls to be lamps. (Lierke, Antike Glastöpferei, p 97- 138.)

According to Berta Sjternquist both beakers and bowls, of the ‘Kowalk’-type, have been in exsistance, where as the bowls, because of their limited height, have rather sparse decoration.

Parallels: F. Fremersdorf: ‘Such in comparison simple cut decorations appear in Denmark at a regular basis; though these finds concern very often almost conical beakers with a round base.’ National Museum Copenhagen, 846, FO Tofte-Lolland, 8306 FO Hojrup, 8986, FO Hoernum, etc. Fremersdorf VIII, Vol.II, plate 33, text Vol I, p 69, plate 33, no R822, from the city of Mainz in Germany, and from Cologne no 24.400 as a close parallel. From Sigersted: Inv. 22218, Kobleaa: Inv. C6339.

Provenance: From a Dutch collection, first publication. Fremersdorf states that the Scandinavian finds of facet-beakers and bowls nevertheless might be products of the Cologne area and partly of East-European background. ( VIII, Vol. II, p 35, footnote 5a.).


Kisa, 1908, vol. III, ch. XI. 5, p 905. Finds of Ancient Glass in Scandinavia.

Harden, 1938, Karanis, 426, plate XVI, p 152.

Isings, 1957 form: 96b, Hemispherical decorated bowl, p 114.

Doppelfeld, 1966, no’s: 148, 149. Tekst: p 64, Fassetten- und Kugelschliff.

Fremersdorf, 1967, VIII, vol. I, cfr Plates: 32-110. Vol. II, Tekst: idem.

Rau, 1973, P.443, Werner 1988 fig 12, Vaday 1994, fig 4.

Von Saldern et al, 1974, p 183, no 507, p 185, no 512.

Whitehouse 1997, CMG vol I, p 260, no 444.

Cmog Acccession number 66.1.21


Lierke, 1999, Antike Glastöpferei, p 97- 138.

Sjternquist: A glass beaker with cut decoration found at Uppåkra, Sweden.

She quotes from different Scandinavian sources as: Näsman (1984), Straume (1987),

Hansen (1987).

Bell-shaped bowl from Mainz Germany, inv. R 812, Fremersdorf 1967, VIII, vol. I, plate 33. H: 4.2 cm, D-rim 5 cm.

Bell-shaped bowl from Mainz Germany, inv. R 812,



Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on August 15, 2019

GUTTUS of Nico F. Bijnsdorp



3rd – 4th century AD. Eastern Mediterranean, probably Syria.

H= 18.8 cm. D max= 9.3 cm. D rim= 3.9 cm. D base= 4.8 cm. Weight 76 gr.

Condition: Intact. Some iridescence.

Technique: Free blown. Wheel-cut.

Description: Transparent, almost colorless glass with a grayish green tinge. Squat globular body with pushed in base ring. Kicked base with pontil mark. Horizontal shoulder with pinched vent-spout. Long vertical tubular neck, curving at right angle towards a funnel mouth with rounded and thickened rim. The body decorated with three bands of horizontal encircling lines: one narrow band just below shoulder and one similar band near bottom, a broad band at midpoint of body.

Remarks: The function of this vessel is unknown. It might have had a medical application. Some scholars suggest it was a distilling apparatus, but the vent suggests more a pouring vessel to allow the liquid to be poured at controlled rate. Also the date is difficult to define: some scholars date this guttus back to 1st-2nd century AD. This example is extremely rare because of its base ring which makes free-standing possible. None of the parallels have such a base ring.

Provenance: Collection Dr. G. Kersley, Bath. Folio Fine Art, London. Charles Ede Ltd., London.

References: Christie’s 5/6 March 1985, Kofler-Truniger Collection, No. 62., La Baume 1976, Karl Löffler Collection, No. 104.
Kunz 1981, Kunstmuseum Luzern, No. 394., Massabò 2001, Aquileia Museum, No. 71.


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on August 12, 2019






Roman Empire, almost certainly Asia Minor │ 3rd – 4th century
Size: ↑ 29,0 cm; Ø max. 6,2 cm; Ø rim 4,3 cm. │ Weight: 227 gram

Technique: Free blown. Tooled.
Classification: Variant of Isings (1957) form 82.
Descripton: Transparent olive green glass. The tall, slender form tapering almost evenly from bottom till rim. Rim folded out and in and flattened. Domed base highly pushed in. Pontil mark. At two-thirds from rim a deep constriction between neck and body.
Condition: Intact with some iridescence.
Remarks: The found candlestick unguentaria of Isings form 82 are countless but this variant out of Asia Minor has been found comparatively a few.
This form is always very tall, between 22,9 cm and 30,0 cm. All references have a deep constriction at two-thirds from the rim and a domed base, highly pushed in.
The very fat glass of this candlestick unguentarium makes a high weight: the references of the British Museum weight less than half.
Provenance: 1965 – 2012 Private Collection, Cologne.
Reference: British Museum London. nos. 1878,0311.33, 1878,0311.34, 1908,0724.6 and 1933,1117.1 (all found in Asia Minor); Musées d’Art et d’Histoire Ville de Genève, no. 010660 (also found in Asia Minor); Antike Gläser im Frankfurter Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte (E. Welker, 1987). no. 31; Antike Glãser (L. Barkóczi, 1996), no. 98; Archéologie (Pierre Bergé et Associés Paris), Auction 15-12-2009, no. 368; Fascinating Fragility – A Private Collection of Ancient Glass (Bijnsdorp, 2010), no. NFB 126; Kunstwerke der Antike (Cahn Auktionen AG Basel), Auktion 7, 03-11-2012, no. 127.


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on August 9, 2019


The Augustinus Collection of Ancient Glass

 2AcoaG # 6.1

Date: Second century B.C.;  Eastern Mediterranean or Greece

Size: H: 3.8 cm, D: 9.00 cm, Thickness rim: 0.39. cm, Bottom: 0.32 cm, Isings form: 1.


Technique: Mouldpressed, or sagged, hemispherical bowl; from a convex mould; wheelcut line underneath the rim into the same glass pattern.

Description: Hemispherical bowl, i.e. convex curving side and convex bottom; mosaic pattern formed from polygonal sections of a single blue bar as the centre, with an opaque white spiral surrounded by an amber coloured field that joins the other intersections with visible lining; rough wheelcut rim, slightly polished; one wheelcut groove at approximately 0.85 cm below the rim.

Condition: Complete and intact; polished; surface pits and remains of iridescence and weathering on the inside and outside.

Remarks: The rim is not finished with a coil of a different pattern, which might indicate an older date, or a primitive approach in technique.

Provenance:  From  a dutch collection. Said to have been aqcuired in Sicily, Italy.

Reference: Isings, 1957, form no: 1, p.15, Olivier, 1968, Millefiori glass in classical Antiquity, p.65, n.4, Slick-Nolte/ Stern, 1994, Early Glass of the Ancient World, Ernesto Wolf Collection with elaborate explanation on the technique.



Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on August 6, 2019

OIL LAMP or UNGUENTARIUM of Hans van Rossum

Date: 1st – 2nd century AD | Roman Empire Size:↑6.8 – 5.0 cm | L = 8.0 cm | Width = 5.8 cm | Weight 72 g


Technique: Free blown, tooled; handle applied

Condition: Intact, silvery iridescence on the interior; handle broken and restored.

Description: Pale, almost colorless glass, made as a bowl with polished rim; sides pushed together, the marks of a hand-hold tool, used for folding the sides together                                            are still visible; flattened base without pontil.

Remarks: This glass object said to be an oil lamp because of the clearly visible spout on one side. Oil lamps in glass are rare and worldwide only a few examples are known.                                   The exceptional shape of this lamp is exceedingly rare or even unique. Another possibility is that this squeezed bowl was used as an unguentarium and imitates a basket.

Provenance: Formerly part of a Rhineland private collection, inherited from the father’s collection and acquired during the 60s-80s through the German and                                                        Belgium art market.

Reference: Römisches und Fränkisches Glas in Köln, O. Doppelfeld no. 88, Gläser der Antike, Sammlung Oppenländer, A. von Saldern e.a. nos. 571, 572. No direct parallel in construction and as an oil lamp can be cited. Ancient Glass in the Israel Museum, The Eliahu Dobkin Collection and Other Gifts nr. 384  Ancient and Islamic Glass in the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, A. Oliver Jr. no. 233, Glass from the Ancient World, the Ray Winfield Smith Collection no. 238, for a number of references in case of the shape of a basket.


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on August 3, 2019



The Augustinus Collection of Ancient Glass

 Date: 3rd.- 4th. century AD Isings: form: 94 – without the handles  –   Kisa: Formentafel F, no:348

Size:↑ 9.5 cm | Ø body: 9.5 cm | Ø Mouth : 7/8 cm | Ø Base ring: 3.4 cm| Weight: 138 g  |

Technique: Globular body of translucent white glass blown into a mold, turned to the left; rim folded out, up and in, rounded; dark green-blue handles brought up from the shoulder of the body to the mouth from opposite sides; excess glass flattened to the level of the rim; a green-blue glass ring is attached underneath the mouth and a small ring in the same dark colour is placed underneath the body as a base ring.

Description:  Squat globular body with diagonal pattern of white-bluish translucent glass with dark green-blue handles on a small blue base-ring;  in addition a ring of blue glass is placed underneath the outsplayed mouth, visible from above through the transparancy of the glass.

Condition: Intact and complete, with some adhering sand and/or the remnants of ashes.

Remarks:  Most likely the amphoriskos was used as an incinerary jar to hold the remnants of a child or baby; it is likely that a lid did belong to the jar, but is not delivered.*  According to C. Isings: 1. ”Bulbous Jars with an outsplayed rim belong to the ordinary household ware, made of bluish-green glass. The Jars of this type known – i.e. without the handles – were all used as burial urns. It is unknown whether they were actually made as urns or not ” 2. “ The same type of jar in smaller dimensions (not higher than 10cm) was in use as an unguent pot”.

*Suggestion by David Giles, London, 2019.

Provenance: From a private dutch collection, previously unpublished; likely from Gallo-Roman territory, north eastern France or Rhine area.

Reference: La Baume: ‘Glass der antiken Welt I’, D61, Tafel 30,2; Roemisch- Germanisches Museum  Koeln, Band III, Sammlung Karl Loeffler165, Tafel 22,2;  Spartz, Antike Glaeser, Nr, 40, Tafel 9;  Zahn, Zammlung Baurat Schiller nr, 212, Tafel 10.

Click on these additional images of this jar to enlarge.


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on July 31, 2019



Second part 1st century AD | Eastern Mediterranean, probably Crete or Italy Size↑9.3 cm | ø 8.5 cm | Weight 94 g

Technique: Early free blown glass, handle applied; tooled

Classification: Isings 1957 form 53 (variant) | Morin-Jean 1913 type 47 (variant), type handle α¹

Description: Transparent bluish-green glass. The squat body with sloping wall, a pad-base formed by lower sections of wall. Tall tubular neck with flaring mouth, rim folded inward. On the shoulder of the body a thick hollow ridge encircling the body. Broad angular three-ribbed strap handle applied on the shoulder and attached to the upper part of  the neck, top-end folded up to form a pad against neck. The concave base is formed by a narrowing in the lower part of the body, no pontil mark

Condition: Intact with some incrustation; a crack in the lower part of the body, consolidated by Restaura, Haelen (NL) 2010

Remarks: A narrow neck like this one, in combination with the manner in which the handle is attached to the neck is a characteristic for the early Roman glass jugs, imitating pottery jugs. This specific type of jug, which has a cut-out fold on the shoulder, is not very numerous. In combination with the specific form of the body this example is even rare. It has a bottle neck like the preceding jugs and a cut-out base.   (Isings 1957) The typical cut-out form of the base is also a characteristic for products made during the first century AD.

Provenance: Cardo Center – Old City of Jerusalem, 1995

Reference: Archaeological Museum in Rethimnon at Crete, Vetri antichi del Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Adria, S. Bonomi, no. 318Antike Gläser, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Kassel, M. Boosen no. 53 Collection Castello Viscontea, Locarno Das naturfarbene sogenannte blaugrüne glas in Köln, F. Fremersdorf  Tafel 53 Les Verres Antiques du Musée du Louvre II, V. Arveiller-Dulong & M.D. Nenna nos. 46-49 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Accession Number 74.51.143 from the Cesnola Collection La fragilitat en el temps. El vidre a l’antiquitat, T.C. Rossell no. 81

What happened to the Cinzano Glass collection ?

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on July 28, 2019

What happened to the Cinzano  Glass collection ?

Article by David Giles

 In 1971 Count Alberto Marone Cinzano, of the family that created the famous Cinzano Vermouth, decided to start collecting fine examples of ancient and antique glass. The collection was published first in 1974 and again in 1978 under the title The Cinzano Glass Collection, edited by Peter Lazarus.

In recent times the collection appeared to have gone from public view and I enquired of many glass people what had happened to it. It was suggested that it had been sold and dispersed and in fact in one recent London glass auction catalogue it suggested that a glass had come from that collection. After much searching I was delighted to discover that the collection was still completely intact and with additional glasses added after the 1974/78 publications. What however had happened was that the Marone family sold the Vermouth business in 1992 to an international drinks company which was absorbed in 1997  into the large British company Diageo and the collection of glass was included.  So now the collection is known as the Diageo Glass Collection. Diageo actually sold the Cinzano Vermouth label to Campari in 1999 but kept the glass collection. It was published again in 2005 and edited by Rosa Barovier Mentasti under the title Glass Collection Della Diageo a Santa Vittoria d’Alba. The catalogue is now out of print but can still be obtained on second hand books sites.

When the collection was published in 1974/78 there were 125 pieces in the collection but after that the Marone family added more pieces and in the 2015 publication there are 144 pieces featured. The oldest piece in the collection is a wonderful 5th century BC Obsidian lobed bowl.  There are twenty ancient vessels of Roman and Frankish origin and two Islamic glasses. Twenty Venetian glasses. Lots of glasses from Holland and Germany and also from England. Each one is illustrated with colour plate and full description in Italian and English.

The collection is now kept at Diageo meeting centre in Villa Storica a Santa Vittoria d’Alba Italy which is between Turin and Genoa, It can be visited by prior arrangement if you Email

Readers might also like to look at

Enter the site and click on Le Cantine and they will see how cleverly the glass is displayed in cut-out old wine barrels. This collection might be an idea for a future visit of the Glass Circle.

Attached are photos of 8 examples from the collection.  This article will be in the next Glass Circle News letter.

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