ROMAN MARBLED BIRD-FLASK of Nico F. Bijnsdorp
1st century AD. Eastern Mediterranean.
H= 4.6 cm. D max= 3.0 cm. L beak= 2.2 cm. L body= 8.9 cm. Weight 15 gr.
Condition: Intact. Some surface pitting and weathering.
Technique: Free blown. Tail and mouth tooled.
Description: Opaque aubergine and white marbled glass.Vessel in the form of a stylized bird. Tail extended and pinched. Short neck raised vertically to splayed mouth. Rim folded outward, up and inward and pinched to form a spouted beak. Flat base.
Remarks: Although so-called “bird flasks” are commonly spread throughout the Roman Empire, marbled ones are extremely rare. So far no parallel could be traced.
Provenance: Collection Dr. P.H. Plesch (AGv9H). Collection Dr. Leo Mildenberg, Zürich, January 1973.
Published: Christie’s 28 April 2009, No. 68.,Groen 2011, Romeins Glas uit Particulier Bezit, p. 132.
Exhibited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL) April 29 till August 28 2011, No. 250.
References: Saldern 1974, Oppenländer Collection, Nos. 574-577.Kunz 1981, Kunstmuseum Luzern, No. 233.Arveiller-Dulong 2005, Louvre Museum, Nos. 644, 645.
Second half of 1st century – early 2nd century AD | Israel, found in Samaria
Size↑11.5 cm | ø 7.2 cm | Weight 56 g
Technique: Free blown, foot applied; tooled
Description: Transparent green glass, heavy and hollow outward folded rim, body set on a base-ring. The end of the handle made in the form of a snake-head. (Cobra) No pontil scar.
Condition:Some cracks in lower part of the body, professionally consolidated by Restaura – Haelen (NL) 2010. An overall good condition.
Remarks: A simpulum was used to ladle the wine out of a crater into a glass. It also belonged to the four attributes depicting on the backside of coins of Roman emperors. Roman glass ladles are rare and it is hard to find a similar example of glass. Most of them were made of bronze or silver. Important production of silver examples in the area of Pompeii.
Provenance: Jerusalem art market 2008
Published: Romeins Glas uit particulier bezit, J. van der Groen & H. van Rossum 2011, p. 133
Exhibited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), Romeins Glas, geleend uit particulier bezit, no. 269 29 April – 28 August 2011
Reference: Magiche Trasparenze, I vetri dell’antica Albingaunum, B. Massabò no. 76 for an identical example Vetri antichi di raccolte concordiesi e polesane, A. Larese & E. Zerbinatti, no. 15 p. I Vetri Romani di Ercolano, L.A.S. Höricht, Tav. XXVII nos. 2342, 2345 and 2347 Rimsko steklo Slovenije, the Roman Glass of Slovenia, I. Lazar p. 23 C
The beautiful amber pitcher with a lion mask may be American or European. The color and shape are typical for an American pitcher from this period, while the lion head mask decoration is commonly found on English or European objects.
H: 7 inches
This Roemer has a small smooth rounded bowl with an engraved grapevine design. The closed stem is decorated with raspberry prunts and connected to a spiral foot made from a glass thread.
H: 5 inches
Late 18th C.
Glass Holy-water Stoup
This clear colorless glass has a mold-blown body with vertical ribbing. The double bowl fans out to a wide rim. The center back features a loop design and decorative edging, and flat pointed top. It was made in the Low Countries or France.
H: 26 cm
Ref: Rijksmuseum #309 (bowl similar)
Keulenglas club glass is a variety of Stangenglas decorated with a milled trailing wound spirally around the slightly club shaped beaker on a pedestal foot with a kick.
Date: First half of the 17th C or earlier
Museum Fur Kunsthandwerk, Frankfurt # 252, 253, 254
Kunstqewerbemuseum, Koln #164
Sotheby’s June 16, 1984 #11
Gebrauchsglas, T. Dexel #96
32A DOCTOR’S KIT BOTTLE, American
H: 6 1/4 inches
HEAD-SHAPED BOTTLE of A Private Dutch Collection of Roman Glass
1st – 3rd Century A.D., Eastern Mediterranean, perhaps Italy
I sings 78b/Stern MCT VII, Intact, some wheatering
Description:This royal blue cosmetic bottle is blown into a two-part mold (free-blown cylindrical neck and rim). The base is decorated with concentric rings (like type A,no.139 Toledo Museum)
Remark:P.L.W.Arts: ‘ During the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD glass-makers in the Eastern Mediterranean and especially those along the Syro-Plastinian coast produced a large number of double or ”Janiform” head-flasks. These later also became common in north-western Europe from the 2rd century onwards. Two heads joined back to back were a popular motif in antiquity, which was used in particular on ceramic vessels of the 7th and 6th century BC (Stern 1995)’
Museum Honig Breethuis (NL) ’Fascinating luxury of Antiquity’
12 November 2011– 30 January 2012 , exp no. 21
Provenance: Private American collection
ROMAN DOUBLE-BODIED BALSAMARIUM of Nico F. Bijnsdorp
4th – 5th century AD. Eastern Mediterranean, perhaps Sidon.
H= 13,8 cm. D max= 6,3 cm. Weight 77 gr.
Condition: Intact. Some patches of incrustation.
Technique: Free blown. Applied trailing and handles.
Description: Transparent pale yellowish to colorless glass. Translucent light blue trailing,translucent dark blue handles, opaque brown handle. Double bodied balsamarium with two tubular phials or compartments made from a single paraison of almost colorless glass pressed-in from the sides to form a diaphragm. Solid bottom with ground pontil mark. Rim folded over inwards to form a hollow tubular ring. Spiral trail of translucent blue glass wound around the phials in eleven revolutions from bottom to rim. Two thick frilled handles of translucent blue glass applied from rimto bottom in four loops. Excess glass at bottom folded back. Opaque brown arching basket handle applied on top.
Remarks: The blue colored trailing in combination with the opaque brown basket handle is rare. Balsamaria like this one were probably made to contain kohl, so are also called kohl-tubes. Application rods were mostly made in bronze, but also in glass and ivory. Sometimes they were made so elaborately decorated that they were impractical to use.
Provenance: Collection Hans van Rossum, Dordrecht (NL), 2003. Collection P.L.W. Arts, Holten (NL).
Published: Arts 2000, A Collection of Ancient Glass, No. 78.
References: Newby 1999, Dolf Schut Collection, No. 84. Hayes 1975, Ontario Museum, No. 456. Oliver 1980, Carnegie Museum, No. 193.
The natural colored blue-green glass used on this delicate pitcher has virtually no weathered and appears as it would have looked just after being manufactured in the First Century. The simple ovoid body is accented by a ring base. The precise handle is beautifully executed with thin ribs and double fold-over at the mouth.
H: 13 cm
Paris #477 & 478, Hermitage #143