Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 20, 2018


During the making of vessels, blobs of molten glass were dropped onto the surface creating a raised decoration, sometimes called prunts.  It was an option for the glassmaker to leave the blobs in an irregular smooth shape or to form a pattern such as a lion head or a raspberry design as with the German roemers.   On others the hot glass blobs were pulled out with a tool forming spikes.  The texture of these prunts provided a  firm grip on the vessel, as diners during the Middle Ages may have been eating with their fingers.

The following pictures show examples from our collection to illustrate various styles of blob decoration.



Posted in 2. Ancient Glass, Roman Glass by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 18, 2018

Roman Pale Green Cup 59R

2nd-4th Century   H: 7.3 cm

Remark: A small pale green palm cup, cracked with no weathering. Two or more centuries later the Merovingian palm cup appeared.

Provenance: The collection of Louis Gabriel Bellon.

Merovingian Palm Cup 114E

114E Merovingian Palm Cup

H: 6.5 cm, Dia. 10 cm Date: 600-800 Century AD

Remarks: This is a Frankish (Merovingian) palm cup of light green glass. The cup has the characteristic rounded form at the bottom and a rounded rim.

Provenance: Ex: Martin Wunsch collection, NYC.

Ref: Verres Antiques et de L’Islam: Ancienne Collection de Monsieur D. (Auction at Hotel, 1985 lot 519), Catalogue of Anglo-Saxon Glass in the British Museum Vera I. Evison, P. 140 # 95



Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 17, 2018

 ROMAN FREE BLOWN GLASS FLASK OF Elisabeth & Theo Zandbergen



Origin: Karanis/Fayum, Egypt, 2nd – 3rd AD. (see Harden) – Isings nr. 101

Dimensions: ↑ 10,2 cm.; ø corpus 6,5 cm.; ø rim 5,7 cm.; weight 75,5 gram.

Description: Roman free blown flask made from olive green glass. The corpus of the body is of a somewhat flattened bulbous form. The bottom has a kick-in base with a visible pontil mark. At the shoulder of the corpus two handles have been attached. These having the typical form for the area in which these objects were made being loops first attached to the corpus and than with multiple loops pulled out to the neck connecting to the multi-spiral thread around the top of the neck. The handles differ in form where the one on the right in this picture is more fragile in form than the other. The splayed out rim has on the underside an additional glass thread to provide extra strength to the rim. The outer edge of the rim has been folded inward.

Condition: intact.

Parallels: – Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf, Glassammlung Hentrich, Antike und Islam,
1974 nr. 181; Harden Karanis 1936, nr. 783
– Catalogue Galerie Puhze nr. 23 publicized 2009 object nr. 170
– Kelsey museum, University of Michigan, Ann Harbor, accession number 5163,
noting that their object was found in Fayum

Provenance: – ex collectie Kind, Fellbach nr. 47,
– with Galerie Puhze Freiburg,
– in owners collection since 2009.


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 15, 2018



of the The Augustinus Collection of Ancient Glass

Date: End of the 2nd century – early 3rd century. Isings form: 42d. Size:↑ 2.7 cm | Ø Rim: 6.1 cm | Ø Body : 5 cm | Ø Base: 4 cm| Weight: 49 g  |


Description: Small lightblue bowl with darkblue scalloped rim and darkblue hollow footring. The rim is formed as a cog-wheel with 19 teeth. Seen from above the bowl shows a starlike appearance with a beautifull two-tone light effect. Seen from the side, the foot, body and rim form a straight line with convex components.

Technique: Most likely the body was formed in a mould, where-as the rim and footring were applied and tooled. Hollow bottom with pontilmark.

Condition: Complete, no cracks, some bubbles and sign of time, with heavy golden irisation on the bottom and on the in- and outsides.

Remarks: Isings, 1957, form 42d, speaks of only three datable specimens that are known. Whitehouse, 2001, CMG vol. II, 650, Bowl. 4th-5th c AD. Glass bowls with scalloped flange rims are unusual. Opinions on the date of these bowls have ranged from the first to the fifth century.

Provenance:    From a private dutch collection, previously unpublished.

Reference: Auth, 1976, p176, 245, Persia 9th-10th c. AD (?), Fremersdorf, 1958 vol. IV, Das Naturfarbenes Glas aus Koeln, Tafel 71., Harden, 1936, Karanis, nr. 257, p 111., Isings, 1957, Form 42d, p. 58, end 2nd c. AD., Kisa, 1908, p.799, fig. 320f (not: 320g), Platz-Horster, 1976, p.176, 3rd.-4th. c., Von Saldern, 1974, Slg. Hentrich 125, nr. 164, Whitehouse, 2001, CMG vol.II, 650 Bowl. 4th-5th c AD.



Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 13, 2018



of Hans van Rossum

First half of 4th century AD | Eastern Mediterranean, Syria

 Size↑9.7 cm | ø 6.6 cm | Weight 76 g


Technique:Free blown, pinched ribs and toes; coil applied

Description: Transparent pale amber glass, squat globular body with five vertical ribs, made by pinching and topped by tooled knobs. Base with five similar pinched glass ‘toes’, no                            pontil mark. A broad splayed lip with in-folded rim, beneath with a turquoise transparent trail of glass which was added as a highlight. Like all sprinkler flasks this specimen has a tooled diaphragm with a hole at the base of the neck.

Condition: Intact and clear, perfect condition

Remarks: The pinched ribs and small ring of pinched toes forming the base of these vessels evoke pomegranates, visible by turning them. The popularity of pomegranate-                                  shaped sprinklers may have been inspired by the fruit’s symbolic associations with beauty and fertility.

Provenance: collection C.A. Hessing, Laren (NL) 25 May 1998, acquired in the 1990s, collection number 33 Amsterdam art market, Kunsthandel Aalderink 1993

Published: Antiek Glas, de Kunst van het Vuur, R. van Beek no. 68, ill. 7

Exhibited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), Romeins Glas, geleend uit particulier bezit, exp. no. 128 29 April – 28 August 2011, Allard Pierson Museum Amsterdam (NL), de Kunst van het Vuur, exp. no. 68 17 May – 16 September 2001

Reference: Ancient Glass at the Newark Museum, S.H. Auth no. 149, inv. no. 50.1502 Roman, Byzantine and Early-Medieval Glass, Ernesto Wolf Collection, E.M. Stern no. 136 Solid Liquid, Fortuna Fine Arts Ltd. no. 194 Vom Luxusobjekt zum Gebrauchs-gefäβ, M. Honroth no. 133 La fragilitat en el temps. El vidre a l’antiguitat, T.C. Rossell no. 89,  Allaire Collection 47R

Islamic bowl or Lamp

Posted in 2. Ancient Glass, CATEGORIES OF GLASS TYPES ON THIS SITE, Islamic Glass by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 12, 2018

Islamic bowl or Lamp

This pattern-molded bowl is made of clear green glass with an out-splayed rim. Bowls of this type and color can be found in many different sizes and patterns. It is possible that such glass vessels were used as lamps.

D: 10 cm

Eleventh Century A.D.

Cf. Shining Vessels, Ancient Glass From Greek, Roman and Islamic Times, Fortuna Fine Arts Ltd., New York, 1991 # 184, Islamic Glass, Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Marilyn Jenkins, 1987 # 38

38r Islamic lamp 11th century

38r Islamic glass lamp 11th century


Posted in 2. Ancient Glass, Roman Glass by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 10, 2018


First Century, H: 8cm

Remarks: It is from the earlier glass core-form and pottery shapes prior to the First Century that this vessel takes its shape.  The ancient aryballos was a popular shape and copied widely after glass blowing was invented.  This example was beautifully executed using auberegine glass with delicate blue handles and was used as a container for perfume.

Ref: Oppenlander Collection #541, Royal Ontario Museum #122




Posted in 2. Ancient Glass, CATEGORIES OF GLASS TYPES ON THIS SITE, Roman Glass by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 8, 2018



4th. to 5th. Century AD H: 12 cm

Remarks:This elegantly free-blown slender shape is emphasized by the most delicate threaded design which wraps around the entire form. The originally light blue-green glass has developed a brilliant iridescence patina over its surface. Balsamaria from this period were manufactured in single, double and the more elaborate quadruple designs and it is assumed that they were all used for cosmetics.

References : Newark Museum, Auth, 1976, #486, Christie’s March5, 1985 #21, Collection of Monsieur June 1985, #433



Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 6, 2018

Roman Glass in Augsburg, Germany

Augsburg in 1550


Augsburg is a city in the south-west part of the state of Bavaria, Germany.  It was founded in 15B.C. by Drusus, stepson of the Emperor Augustus as a settlement, in the area which was occupied by the Vindelicer, a Celtic tribe.  It became a Roman civilian settlement after the withdrawal of the legionaries. In the 3A.D. it was destroyed in raids by the Germanic Alemanni. In 1945 50% of the city was destroyed. After the World War Augsburg was carefully rebuilt to look as it did before. This beautiful city with it 2000 plus years of history has two museums with small glass collections. These collections are important because the glass was found in this area.  The museums are Maximillian Museum and Roman Museum in St. Anthony’s Chapel. Augsburg also has the earliest intact stained glass windows which are figures of the five prophets found in the Augsburg Cathedral, dating from the late 11th century. The glass pictures attached were taken before the renovation of Maximillian Museum. The Roman Museum is set to re-open in 2017.

City of Augsburg


Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on March 2, 2018

Historical Perspective of Glass

With the growth of industrialization and the middle class, there was an increasing demand for elegant consumer goods in Europe and America. Glassmakers responded with a wide assortment of high quality glass. The skill of the glass decorators—cutters, engravers, and painters—became as important as that of the glassblowers. In America, there were only a few successful glass factories in the 18th century, but the industry had blossomed by the mid-19th century. The pressing machine, developed in the 1820s, was America’s most important contribution to the glass industry. It tripled the production of tableware, which became readily available to the public at greatly reduced prices. European and American glass companies displayed their largest and most elaborate works at world’s fairs. More than six million visitors attended the first of these fairs, the 1851 Great Exhibition(active link), in London’s Crystal Palace(active link),which was in itself an architectural glass wonder.



Time Line for The History of Glass

The very first glass known to stone age people which was used for making weapons and decorative objects, was obsidian, black volcanic glass. The earliest known man-made glass is date back to around 3500BC, with finds in Egypt and Eastern Mesopotamia. Discovery of glassblowing around 1st century BC was a major breakthrough in glass making.

3500BC-1300AD Ancient Glass

 Ancient: ROMAN, BYZANTINE, ISLAMIC Allaire Collection(active link)

Hans van Rossum Collection 

Elisabeth & Theo Zandbergen Collection

Joop van der Groen Collection

The Windmill Collection of Roman Glass Collection

Nico F. Bijnsdorp Collection

David Giles Collection

The Augustinus Collection of Ancient Glass

Medieval Europe: MEROVINGIAN, LATE MEDIEVAL AGES AND ROEMERS Allaire Collection(active link)

1300 – 1600 the Renaissance

Renaissance: VENETIAN & FAÇON de VENISE VENICE Allaire Collection(active link)

Elisabeth & Theo Zandbergen Collection second part

1603 – 1714 the Stuart Period. Things such as The Great Plague, The Great Fire of London, and the Glorious Revolution occurred during this era. Notable people are Shakespeare, Wren, Galileo, and Newton. (Between this and the next one there are many eras or periods that overlap, such as The Jacobean [1603 to 1660], Caroline [1625 to 1649], The Interregnum [1649 to 1660], and The Restoration [1660 to 1800.]

1700 J.S. Bach writes The Brandenburg Concertos

1714 – 1830 the Georgian Era. Architecture then was inspired by Gothic architecture. Notable people were Jane Austen, Mary Shelley, William Blake, and Thomas Gainsborough. Notable events were The French and Indian War, the American Revolution, and the wars with France.

1750 James Watt patents the steam engine

1776 American Revolution

1799-1815 Napoleonic Wars

MISC. EUROPEAN GLASSWARE BEFORE 17th-18th C(active link)

English Glass 17th-18th Century(active link)

1825 Mechanical press for mass producing glass is invented in U.S.


1861-1865 American Civil War

1875 Edison invents electric light bulb

AMERICAN GLASS 19-20th CENTURY(active link)

EUROPEAN GLASS 19-20th CENTURY(active link)


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