Ancient Glass Blog of The Allaire Collection

PURPLE ROMAN GLASS JAR WITH HANDLES

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 26, 2021

Purple Roman Glass Jar with Handles

From

The Windmill Collection of Roman Glass

Date: 4th Century A.D. Eastern Mediterranean, possibly Asia Minor  Size: ↑ 9.6cm   Ø  7.3  cm (body)

 

Description: Slightly squat, free-blown storage jar of semi-transparent, fairly thick aubergine glass. The bottom arches up and has a pontil mark. Halfway up the shoulders of the semicircular belly, two handles of transparent light green glass have been pulled up and then attached with a bend against the top edge. The collar itself is folded out, up and in again, creating a kind of ridge. The last part then goes up again to the rounded edge.

Classification: Hayes class XIII

Condition: Completely intact

Provenance: Private Turkish collection

Exhibited: 2011/2012 Museum Honig Breethuis Zaandijk )NL) no. 24

Remarks: This storage jar is mainly found in the Eastern Mediterranean, in various colors such as light green, yellow and completely transparent, sometimes also with blue zigzag decoration .The shape also occurs with more than two handles (or without)

References: Royal Ontario Museum (Hayes 1975, nr.441); The Allaire collection, nr.16R;  A Collection of Roman glass, Paul E. Cuperus  collection (PEC 030); Joop van der Groen collection (VDG 086).

VENETIAN FILIGRANA GLASS VASE

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 23, 2021

107E Venetian Filigrana Glass Vase of the Allaire Collection of Glass

107E Venetian Filigrana VaseH: 12.7 Date: 1700 Venice

Description: The pear-shaped body of this Venetian vase is fashioned with two styles of filigrana retortoli canes. The straight neck may have had a lid.  The vessel is decorated with clear glass wing handles, single center trail and ring foot also of clear glass.  The dating of this vase is based on a similar object in the collection in the Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen.

Remarks: In 1709, the Signoria in Venice gifted filigrana glasses to the Danish king, Frederick IV for his castle at Rosenborg. Now referred to as Rosenborg-type glasses, these were technically different from earlier Venetian filigrana glasses made with two layers, or more specifically: a layer of canes on an inner layer of cristallo. With the exception of very large examples, the Rosenborg-type filigrana glasses, are made of a single layer of glass canes using a technique called filigrana a retortoli.

Published: A Collection of Filigrana Glass, Kitty Lameris, 2012 #20

Ref: Venezianisches Glas der Kunstasmm Lungen der Veste Coburg, Anna-Elizabeth Theuerkauff-Liederwald, 1994 #452, The Hans Cohn Collection, Glass 500 BC to 1900 AD von Saldern, Los Angeles 1980 #201, Beyond Venice: Glass in Venetian Stye 1500-1750, Jutta Annette Page, The Corning Museum of Glass, 2004  #127

Photo: Courtesy of Frides Lameris Art and Antique, Amsterdam

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AMERICAN SOUTH JERSEY GLASS PITCHER “Juno’s pitcher”

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 20, 2021

57A American Green Glass Pitcher, “Juno’s pitcher”

from the Allaire Collection of Glass

Juno's pitcher

Height: 5 1/2 inches Date: Early 19th Century, South Jersey or New York State

 

Description: Free blown pitcher of natural colored green glass with tooling around a trefoil shaped rim and applied handle. The handle of this pitcher where applied from the rim down to body unlike Roman glass vessels in which handles where generally applied from the body up to the rim. The aesthetics of this object are wonderful for a simple early pitcher.

Remarks: All of the very early American glass companies 1608-1783 were opposed strongly by the British, and after a few years they failed. It was not until the end of the Revolutionary War in 1783, followed by the second war with Britain in 1812-1815 together with the trade embargo on British goods, that American glass manufacture really took off. Glass-making in America increased during every decade of the 19th century. In the 1820s, the American invention of how to make pressed glass made tableware affordable to middle-class households.  As the American industry and prosperity increased in the mid-1800s, a taste developed for ornate styles and complex decorations. It is very difficult if not impossible to find America glass made here before the year 1783.  Most of this glass of that period was imported from Europe.  Our interest in collecting early American glass falls in a very narrow range of years of manufacture, 1783 to 1850.  We also collect only free or mold blown vessels. When visiting glass shows in the United States the dealers will often have some European objects mixed in with the American glass and sometimes even an occasional Roman vessel.  It was these finds of European glass that got us started with collecting European glass.

Remarks II: Juno’s pitcher is the name we gave this object because we found it at a glass show and bought it on the same day our dog Juno died.

CORE-FORMED ALABASTRON

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 17, 2021

26R Core-formed Alabastron from the Allaire Collection of Glass

                         Date: 6th -4th Century B.C. Height: 9.6 cm Weight: 49 g

Description: This vessel was manufactured around 6th to 4th Century B.C. using the core-formed method of glassmaking. The shape of this Alabastron was inspired by the common Greek pottery of the period, a form frequently used in core glass. The decoration is also typical using trailed and marveled threads of yellow, turquoise and red.  Glass objects from pre-Hellenistic periods were luxury items, affordable by only the upper class.

Technique: Core-formed; applied rim-disk and handles; zigzag pattern of applied threads caused by the tooling and marvering.

Condition: Intact

Parallels: In the book, Ancient and Islamic Glass, Paris, Loudmer, Kevorkian #327 & 331, The Constable Maxwell Collection #15, The Yale University Art Gallery #23 & 24, Glaser der Antike, Sammlung Erwin Oppenlander, Axel von Saldern #165 (Now in J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Villa).

Remark: Methods of making glass objects came about shortly after natural glass was discovered.  The first glass objects manufactured were not vessels but amulets or pendants and beads. Using the technique of rod forming, tooling and applied elements.  Vessels were made later by core winding from 1500 to 1200 BC. in the Mesopotamia, Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean region.  Production declined between 1200 and 800 but revived from 800 to the 1st century BC. After the introduction of glass blowing by the Syrians 100 BC, the method ceased to be used with few exceptions.  A good scholarly book on this type of glass is Early Ancient Glass, David Grose, Toledo Museum, 1989.

This link is to a short video by William Gudenrath from Corning Museum of Glass on the core forming method. (active link) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nocv4qLpxa8

ROMAN GLASS ARYBALLOS WITH BRONZE SUSPENSION CHAIN

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 14, 2021

Roman Glass Aryballos with Bronze Suspension Chain

From

The Windmill Collection of Roman Glass

 

Date:  2nd Century A.D.  Roman Empire, probably Eastern Mediterranean (Syria)  Size: ↑ 15.5 cm (aryballos) │ Ø 12.0 cm, ↑ 34.5 cm (with chain)

Classification: Isings (1957) form 61

Provenance: 1985 Private U.K.  collection

Description The free-blown blue-green aryballos or stock bottle has a spherical body and cylindrical neck. The top of the long (↑ 5.3 cm) neck has been pulled out, then up and inwards, after which the rim is flattened at the top. The bottom (without pontil mark) rises slightly. Two dolphin-like handles (in the same color) are applied to the body, pulled up from the shoulder and pressed against the neck (one with a small double loop). The double bronze chain is attached to the handles with a ring on each side and also has a (hanging) ring at the end. The rings of the chains vary slightly in size from bottom to top.

Remarks Most probably aryballoi or amphorae of this size were used in Roman household as a storage bottle, hung on the wall or shelf. Possibly also full of oil for the athletes or other visitors to the Thermae who could refill their small bottles before each bath.

Condition Completely intact

References Christie’s New York December 9, 2005 no. 145 (yellow, with same bronze suspension chain); Christie’s  June 8, 2005 no 128 (different chain); Bonhams London May 14, 2003, no. 329 (green, with bronze suspension chain; The Yunwai  Collection of Ancient Glass and Antiquities 2015, nr.157

 

Published Archeology Magazine Vind 23, September 2016 (cover and page 31)

BLOWN RIBBED GLASS BOWLS SOME WITH DELICATE TRAILING

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 11, 2021

Blown Ribbed Glass Bowls with Delicate Trailing

Blown ribbed bowls (Zarte Rippenschale) with the ribbing ending at an arc under the mouth were decorated with a delicate filament of applied glass trail spiraling around the ribs. This relatively small group of vessels was circulated primarily in northern Italy, the Upper Adriatic, Switzerland and the Rhineland and maybe a Western product, date-able  to the first century and possibly later. The bowl was made by mold blowing, followed by working free-hand to apply the trailing, expanded by free blowing and finished with working the rim. This type of vessel was also made without the trailing decoration. The examples of both types are shown from many museums and private collections.

Blown ribbed bowls from private collectors on this site.

Blown ribbed bowls from various museum collections

ROMAN GLASS JAR WITH TWO HANDLES

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 8, 2021

 

JAR WITH TWO HANDLES of Hans van Rossum

Late 4th century – 5th century A.D. | Weight 78 g

Found in the surrounding area of Sebaste (Samaria-Israel) Size↑8.0 cm | ø 7.5 cm (body)

 

Technique: Free blown, handles and threads applied

Condition: Intact, areas of silvery iridescence

Description: Transparent colorless to pale yellowish green glass. Squat globular body, short cylindrical neck, wide mouth. Rounded rim edged with a thick dark blue thread, the neck decorated with a thin dark blue thread in six revolutions. Body decorated with ten pincered prunts. Two opposing angular handles in dark blue coil, mixed with red glass-streaks, applied to the shoulder, drawn outward and backward, attached to the edge of the rim. One handle continuing to the inner side of the mouth, forming a kind of thumb-rest. Base indented with rest of pontil.

Remarks: Jars of this type were common in the eastern Mediterranean during the fourth and fifth centuries AD., although they are more typically decorated with applied blue or turquoise zigzag trailing.                    

Provenance: Jerusalem art market, Biblical Antiquities – Gil Chaya, Jerusalem 16 February 2004

Exhibited: Thermenmuseum Heerlen (NL), Romeins Glas, geleend uit particulier bezit, exp. no. 241 29 April – 28 August 2011

Reference: A Collection of Ancient Glass 500 BC – 500 AD, P.L.W. Arts 2000 no. 76 (with chain-like decoration) Roman and Pre-Roman Glass in the Royal Ontario Museum, J.W. Hayes 1975 nos. 38 & 388

ROMAN GLASS SPRINKLER FLASK

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 5, 2021

01R SPRINKLER FLASK (our first Roman glass vessel)

Date: 3rd to 4th Century  Size: Height: 7.5 cm Rim: 5.2 cm Weight: 51.5 g

 

Remarks: This pale olive green bottle has a funnel-shaped mouth and two handles of a darker green color. The faint diagonal pattern on the body was achieved by first blowing the glass into an optic mold. The bubble was then removed, twisted and further inflated. The small hole created by the neck constriction in this vessel permits only a drop or two of liquid to pass through at a time. This also prevents the costly contents from evaporating. The glass is still fairly clear and transparent as it was originally intended when created. Flask is intact. It was found in Israel.

References: Oppenlander collection # 492 page 162, Nico Bijnsdorp collection NFB 147, Hans van Rossum collection HVR 057

 

 

VETRO A RETICELLO GLASS VESSELS

Posted in Uncategorized by Allaire Collection of Glass on February 1, 2021

VETRO A RETICELLO ROMAN, VENETIAN & FACON DE VENISE GLASS VESSELS

 

Glass 5000 Years, Edited Hugh Tait, New York 1991 Date: 1st century BC

 

Vetro a reticello Filigrana is literally, glass with small network. It is a type of glass decorated or made with opaque white or colored threads of glass, embedded in clear glass which are called canes.  Originally used to make early Roman cast bowls of the first century BC and reinvented and greatly refined in Murano in the sixteenth, seventeen, and early eighteenth centuries. It was only in the nineteenth century that colored Filigrana became popular again.

This is a link to a Corning Museum Of Glass clip by Bill Gudenrath on how RETICELLO GLASS VESSELS are made.

This is a second link to an earlier feature posted on this site entitled WONDERFUL GLASS CANES.  It shows how canes are created and then used to decorate glass vessels.

 

VETRO A RETICELLO ROMAN GLASS VESSELS

Date: 1st century BC

 

VETRO A RETICELLO VENETIAN & FACON DE VENISE GLASS VESSELS

Date: 16th -17th century

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